Chess History

1900 - 1930

1900 Brentano invents Brentano variation of the Ruy Lopez.

1900 Hooper Charles Alfred, creater of Ajeeb, died.

1900 Western Chess Association founded.

1900 CLOCK; Present-day push-button chess clock perfected by Veenhoff.

1900 Cook's chess firm taken over by Jacques and made Staunton sets.

1900 Didier scores 1 out of 16 in Paris.

1900 Grau, Roberto born. South American champion from Argentina.

1900 Murray writes MODERN DISCOVERIES IN CHESS HISTORY in BCM.

1900 Pillsbury marries.

1900 Pillsbury plays 16 games blindfolded (+11-1=4); a record.

1900.01.19 Frere, Thomas died in New York City. Wrote chess handbook.

1900.01.29 Chernev, Irving, chess author, born in Priluki, USSR.

1900.02.12 Gilbert, Ellen (ne Strong) died in Hartford, CT. Corr. player and Queen of Chess.

1900.02.12 Howe, Henry died in Montreal. Canandian ch 1877.

1900.04.10 Herbstmann, Alexander, IM for chess compositions, born in Rostov-Don, Russia. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1959.

1900.04.13 Tylor b. Birmingham. 3-time Br. cr. ch. Only blind player in ol.

1900.04.18 Charousek, Rudolf, Hungarian master, died of TB (age 27) in Nagyteteny, Czechoslovakia.

1900.04.29 Wren, chess author, born in Sherman, Maine.

1900.08.12 Steinitz, former world champion, died in New York in an asylum.

1900.08.16 Fiske publishes THE EARLY HISTORY OF CHESS in the NATION, NY.

1900.08.23 Heinrichsen, Arved died in Vilnius, Lithuania. Heinrichsen opening.

1900.09.03 US Open, Excelsior, Udemann 1st.

1900.11.24 Richter, German international master, born. East German IM 1950.

1901 OWEN; John Owen (born 1827), English player, died. Vicar. Wrote under pseudonum of Alter.

1901 Pillsbury gave a simul blindfold display in Moscow on 22 boards. A. Alekhine's older brother, Alexei, got a draw.

1901 STEINER; Endre Steiner, Hungarian master, born.

1901 Stanley, American chess author, died.

1901 Didier scores 1/4 out of 13 in Monte Carlo.

1901 Haberditz, Hans born in Austria. Haberditz var.

1901 Makarczyk b. Polish ch 1948. IM 1950. Died 1975.

1901 Minckwitz, Johannnes died. Chess author. Threw himself under a tram.

1901 Weber, A. died. 1st to investigate Indian references to chess.

1901.01.20 Gilg, Karl born in Mankendorf, Czechoslovakia. IM 1953. West German.

1901.02.09 Koenig, chess author, born in Kula, Hungary. IM 1951.

1901.04.28 Adams, Weaver American chess master, born in Dedham, Massachusetts.

1901.05.20 Euwe, Max born in Amsterdam. Dutch ch 12 times. World ch 1935-37. GM 1950; IA 1951. FIDE President 1970-78.

1901.08.17 Us Open, Excelsior, Macleod 1st.

1901.08.21 Betbeder, Louis born in Orleans, France. IA 1967. Betbeder variation.

1901.11 BOARD; 1st time chessboard appears with cartesian coordinates in BCM.

1901.11 CAREW; Lady Jane Carew d. Chessplayer who lived in 3 centuries (1797-1901).

1902 Browne writes HISTORY OF PERSIA.

1902 Last British Amateur ch. Was held 10 times since 1886.

1902 Niemeijer, Meindert born. Dutch chess bibliophile.

1902 Pillsbury plays 22 blindfolded in Moscow. A record. (+17 -1 =4)

1902 Rosenthal, Samuel died. Journalist and chess teacher.

1902 Lasker gets PhD in mathematics.

1902.02.04 Congdon, James died in Milwaukee. Elected president of the National Chess Association in 1874.

1902.02.11 Hartong, Jan born in Rotterdam. IMComp 1959.

1902.03.16 Monticelli b. Venice. GME 1985. Italian ch 1929, 34, 39. IM 1950.

1902.06 RADIO; 1st radio match, between two ships in the Atlantic 160 miles apart.

1902.06.05 Kieninger b. German ch 1937, 1940. West German ch 1947. IM 1950.

1902.07.27 Berg, Theodore born in Riga, Latvia. Berg variation.

1902.08.09 Us open, Excelsior, Uedemann 1st.

1902.09.01 KEVITZ; Alexander Kevitz, American player, born.

1902.10.03 Walbrodt, Carl died in Berlin. German ch 1893. Died of TB. Born 1871

1902.11.05 Boultbee, William died in Toronto. 1892 Canadian Ch.

1903 Piatigorsky, chess patron, born.

1903 Breyer scored 0 out of 18 in Kiev.

1903 Divan chess room closed.

1903 Makovetz, Gyula died. Edited Hungary's first chess magazine.

1903 Moreau scored 0 out of 26 in Monte Carlo.

1903.01.07 Breuer, Johann born in Cologne. IJComp 1957; IMComp 1973

1903.03.14 STEINER; Lajos Steiner, Hungarian international master, born in Oradsa. IM 1950.

1903.03.20 Halberstadt, Vitaly born in Odessa. IJComp 1957. Paris ch 1925.

1903.03.20 Pinkus, Albert born in New York. Won Manhattan CC Ch in 1941,1945.

1903.08.05 Bagby, Charles born in Charleston, SC.

1903.08.15 Us Open, Chicago, Judd 1st.

1903.08.21 Fairhurst, William born in Alderley Edge, England. Br. ch 1937. Scottish ch 11 times.

1903.08.26 Bruce, Ronald born in England.

1903.09.17 Koltanowski, honorary IGM (1988),born in Belgium.

1904 Lommer, greatest british study composer, born in Islington.

1904 Abbott, Hedley born in Davenport, England. 1936-7 NZ Ch.

1904 BCF (British Chess Federation) founded.

1904 HELMS; American Chess Bulletin founded by Herman Helms.

1904 Marshall proclaimed U.S. Chess Champion when Pillsbury declined to play due to illness.

1904.04.10 Andersen, Eric born in Gentofte, Denmark.. Danish ch 12 times (8 years in a row).

1904.04.25 Cambridge Springs, PA tourney. Won by Marshall. Tournament book published 35 years later.

1904.05.04 Malmgren b. Avesta. GMC 1953. 2nd in 1953 world corr. ch.

1904.05.05 Crosskill, Alfred died in Beverley, England. Endgame analyst.

1904.05.07 British Chess Federation founded. 1st president, A. Naumann.

1904.05.09 STOLTZ; Gosta Stoltz, Swedish GM, b. Stockholm. Swedish ch 5 times. IM 1950. GM 1954.

1904.05.19 Marshall wins Cambridge Springs, PA tourney.

1904.06.04 Grob, Henry born in Braunau, Austria. Swiss ch 1939, 1951. IM 1950.

1904.06.27 Giers, Paul born in Bonn, Germany. USCF President 1949.

1904.07.02 Lundin b. Stockholm. EGM 1983. Swedish ch 10 times. IM 1950.

1904.07.27 Rudenko, Lyudmila born in Lubni. World women's ch 1949-53. Challenger 1956.

1904.08 1st British Ladies ch. Won by K.B. Finn.

1904.08 1st British ch since 1872 (32 years). Napier & Atkins tie. Organized by BCF.

1904.08.08 Bain (Weiser), Mary born in Hungary. Challenger 1937. US women's ch 1951-3.

1904.08.22 1st day of the BCF Congress, Hastings.

1904.08.27 Makogonov, Vladimir born in the Caucasus. USSR IM 1950.

1904.08.29 MILLS; Daniel Mills d. London. Scottish ch 9 times. Br. amateur ch 1890.

1904.09.17 Fiske, Daniel, American bibliophile, died in Frankfurt.

1904.10.03 Buschke, Albrecht born in Berlin.

1904.10.05 Rice Gambit Association formed at the home of Isaac Rice.

1904.10.15 Akopian, Andranik born in Russia. IA 1965.

1904.10.21 Akerblom, Axel born in Fors Station, Sweden. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967

1904.10.27 Us Open, St Louis, Mlotkowski 1st.

1904.11 1st appearance of Lasker's Chess Magazine.

1904.11.23 Rellstab b. W German IM 1950.

1904.11.26 Gunderam, Heinz born in Grossenhain, Germany.

1904.12.09 Santasiere, Anthony American master, born. NY Ch. US Open Ch in 1945.

1904.12.12 Schiffers (b. 1850), Russian master, died. 1st Russian to teach chess.

1905 Sultan Khan, british master, born in the Punjab, India. Br ch 1929,32,33.

1905 1st Scottish Ladies Ch and won by S. Hutchinson.

1905 Brunet y Bellet, Jose died in Barcelona.

1905 Fiske writes CHESS IN ICELAND, Florence.

1905 Harman, John born in England. Classified chess studies.

1905 Ranken, Charles born. First president of the Oxford University Chess Club.

1905 Shanghai Chess Club founded.

1905.01.06 Marshall, Frank marries Caroline.

1905.01.15 MASON; James Mason (b. 1849), American chess master, died in London.

1905.03.09 Collins, Ethel Boyd born.

1905.03.14 Heinicke, Herbert born in Porto Alegre, Brazil. W German IM 1953.

1905.04.11 PLATZ; Joseph Platz, American master, born in Cologne.

1905.04.15 Steiner, Herman, US IM, born in Austria-Hungary. US Ch 1948. NY Ch in 1929. US Open ch in 1946.

1905.05.26 Frydman, Paulin born in Poland. IM 1955. Warsaw ch 1931, 1932, 1933, 1936.

1905.06 Mackenzie dies.

1905.07.04 Holloway, Alfred died in Gawler, Australia. Holloway Defense.

1905.08 US Open, Excelsior, Schrader 1st.

1905.08.16 Kristensen b. World blind ch 1963, 1966, 1969.

1905.09.11 RIVIERE; Jules Armous de Riviere (b. 1830), French master, died.

1905.09.11 de Riviere, Jules died in Paris. Elo: 2450.

1905.10.20 Fabel, Karl born in Hamburg. Famous problemist. IJComp 1964; IMComp 1967.

1905.11.17 Erdelyi, Stefan born in Timisoara, Romania. IM 1950.

1905.11.19 Kashdan, Isaac, American GM, born in New York.

1905.11.23 TORRE; Carlos Torre, Mexico's 1st IGM (1977), born in Yucutan, Mexico.

1905.11.27 Goglidze, Victor born in Kutaisi, Russia. IM 1950. Elo: 2430.

1905.11.27 MICHEL; Pablo Michel b. German/Argentinian IM 1956.

1905.11.30 Lipschutz (b. 1863), former US champion, died of lung disease.

1905.12.01 Fraser, George died in Wormit, Scotland. Scottish ch 1898; Fraser Attack.

1905.12.11 Engels, Ludwig born in Dusseldorf. Elo: 2460. Strong German player.

1906 1st national correspondence association, the British CCA, formed.

1906 Belson, John born. Canadian champion.

1906 Cook writes THE EVOLUTION OF THE CHESS OPENINGS.

1906 Ostend hosts an international women's tournament.

1906 Rice Gambit Assn formed. Em Lasker is secretary.

1906 Sonneborn, Willaim died.

1906.01.22 Acosta-Silva, Manuel born in Venezuala. IA 1957.

1906.01.31 Bonham, Reginald born in St Neats, England. Blind world ch 1958. Cr ch 6 times.

1906.02.08 Gresser, Gisela (ne Kahn) born in Detroit. Challenger 1949-50. WIM 1950.

1906.02.16 Menchik, Woman world ch from 1927 to 1944, born in Moscow.

1906.03.27 PURDY; Cecil J.S. Purdy, Australian corr. GM, born in Port Said. IM 1951. CGM 1953.

1906.04.23 Dunkelblum, Arthur born in Podgorze, Poland. Belgian ch 1949. IM 1957.

1906.05 1st American Women's Chess Congress, held in New York.

1906.05.07 Judd, former US champion, died.

1906.06.10 Herzfeld, Sebastian died in Vienna, Austria. Physician. Herzfeld defense.

1906.06.17 Pillsbury d. Philadelphia (34). US ch 1897-1906. Ger ch 1900. Died of syphilis.

1906.08 US Open, Chicago, Wolbrecht 1st.

1906.08.03 Broadbent, Reginald born in Durban, South Africa. Br ch 1948, 1950.

1906.10 The Chess Amateur appears.

1906.10.12 Ekstrom, Folke born in Lund, Sweden. IM 1950; IMC 1971.

1906.11.01 PANOV; Vasily Panov, Soviet IM and author, born in Kozelsk. IM 1950.

1906.12.15 SALWE; George Salwe d. Lodz. Russian ch 1906.

1906.12.26 Bolbochan, Jacobo born in Buenos Aires. Argentina ch 1932, 1933. IM 1965.

1907 GM; Title of grandmaster was 1st used at the Ostend tournament.

1907 PETROV; Vladimir Petrov b. Latvian ch 1934,35,37. Died in prson camp in 1945.

1907 Williams, Ken born.

1907.01.26 Lasker-Marshall world ch match, NY.

1907.02.16 Chicco, Adriano born in Geneva, Italy. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967. Historian and problemist.

1907.04.08 Lasker beats Marshall, 11.5-3.5, Baltimore.

1907.04.11 Dunst, Theodore, American player, born in New York City.

1907.04.15 Abrahams, Gerald born in Liverpool. Barrister.

1907.04.30 RODL; Ludwig Rodl b. W German IM 1953.

1907.05.11 Gossip, George, player and author, died in Liphook, England. Elo: 2310

1907.06 Lasker-Marshall match, Lasker won.

1907.06.18 Gereben, Erno (ne Grunfeld) born in Sopron, Hungary. Hungarian/Swiss. IM 1950.

1907.08 US Open, Excelsior, Michelson 1st.

1907.08.10 Coles, Richard born in Kingston-on-Thames, England. Author of chess biographies.

1907.08.13 Statham, chess patron, born.

1907.09.23 Enevoldsen, Jens born in Copenhagen. Danish ch 1940,43,47,48,60. IM 1950. IA 1960.

1907.11.15 Horowitz, Al American IM, born in Brooklyn. IM 1950; IA 1951.

1907.11.17 Gattie, Walter died in Bournemouth, England. Won 1st Br. Amateur Ch 1886.

1907.12.19 Pirc, Yugoslav GM, born in Idrija. 5-time Yug ch. GM 1953. IM 1950.

1908 Rauzer, Soviet master, born.

1908 1st Hauptturnier, German major tourney.

1908 Bronowski, Jacob born. Board 3 at Cambridge.

1908 Grumette, American chess patroness, born.

1908 MENCHIK; Olga Menchik b. Moscow. Challenger 1935, 1937.

1908 Prague International. Draws must be at least 30 moves.

1908 Reti has 16 losses, 3 draws (Vienna).

1908 Sokolsky, Alexei born.

1908 Solkoff, Ephraim born.

1908.01.13 Paoli b. Italian ch 1951,57,68. IM 1951.

1908.01.25 Chigorin, Mikhail, Russian master, died of diabetes in Lublin. Elo: 2600.

1908.01.26 Stahlberg b. Sunte. 11-time Swedish ch. GM 1950. Died 1967.

1908.03.02 Aronson, Eva born in Linkoping, Sweden. WIM 1972.

1908.03.28 Clemenz, Hermann died in Tartu, Estonia. Clemenz Opening.

1908.04.11 Bird, Henry died in London. Leading British amateur player. Elo: 2440

1908.05.15 Diemer, Emil, German player, born in Radolfzell, Germany.

1908.05.22 Korn, chess author, born in Prague.

1908.07.03 1st game by wireless telegraphy between 2 ocean liners. (BCM 1974,111)

1908.08 US Open, Excelsior, Elliot 1st.

1908.08.05 Hanauer, Milton born in Harrison, NY.

1908.08.17 Lasker-Tarrasch world ch match, Dusseldorf.

1908.09.30 Lasker beats Tarrasch, 10.5-5.5, Munich.

1908.10.08 Ragozin, Soviet GM, born. GM 1950. Died 1962.

1908.10.13 Foltys, Jan born in Svinov, Czechoslovakia. Czech ch 1943. IM 1950. Died in 1952.

1908.10.27 Aitken, James born in Calderbank, Scotland.. Scottish ch 10 times. London ch 1950.

1908.11.18 Guliaev, Alexander (ne Grin) born in Moscow. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1974; GMComp 1988.

1908.11.21 Flohr, Salo, Soviet GM, born in Horodenka, Ukraine. GM 1950. IA 1963.

1908.12.22 Chekhover, Vitaly born in St Petersburg. IM 1950; IJComp 1956; IMComp 1961

1909 Correspondence Chess League of America (CCLA) founded.

1909 Capablanca played 720 games in a simul tour, 686 wins, 20 draws, 14 losses.

1909 Cunningham, George born. died in 1993.

1909 Lisitzin b. IM 1950.

1909 Rejfir b. Czech IM 1956. Died in 1962.

1909 Swiderski, Rudolf died. Committed suicide.

1909 Tennison, Otto born. Tennison gambit. Civil war commander.

1909 Marshall defeats Showalter in match for U.S. Championship.

1909 St Petersburg; Lasker & Rubinstein tie for 1st

1909.01 LASKER; End of Lasker's Chess Magazine.

1909.01.10 Holford, John born. 1945-46 South African co-champ.

1909.02.22 Delmar, Eugene died in New York City. Elo 2420. Delmar var.

1909.03.21 Gottschall, Rudolf died in Leipzig, Poland. Founder of the German chess federation.

1909.03.28 Fiske, William born in Syracuse, NY. Chess player, musician, and chess columnist.

1909.04.19 Alexander, Conel born in Cork. Br ch 1938, 1956. IM 1950; IMC 1970. Elo: 2475

1909.05.04 Kan, Soviet IM, born. IM 1950.

1909.05.14 Alatortsev, Vladimir born in St Petersburg. IM 1950; IA 1953; HGM 1983. Elo: 2480

1909.05.21 Endzelins, Lucius born in Tartu, Estonia. GMC 1959. 2nd in the World cr ch 1956-9. Australian ch 1961.

1909.06.07 Porat born. Palestine ch 1937. Israeli ch 1953,57,59,63. IM 1952.

1909.06.26 Eisinger Jr, Max born in Germany. Eisinger var.

1909.06.30 Dubinen, Peter born in Gorky. GMC 1962. 2nd in 1962 world cr ch. IM 1950. USSR Corr. Ch 1957.

1909.07.01 LARSEN; I. Larsen b. Challenger 1937, 39, 49. Danish women's ch 17 times.

1909.07.13 Wood b. Sheffiled. Br cr ch 1945. Editor of CHESS.

1909.08 Us Open, Excelsior, Chajes 1st.

1909.08.17 Barda, Olaf born in Norway. 6-time Norwegian ch. IM 1952; GMC 1953

1909.08.20 Rubtsova b. Moscow. Women's world ch 1956-8. Corr ch 1971.

1909.08.25 Battell, Jack American chess corres. organizer, born in New York City.

1909.09.14 Bron, Vladimir born in Nikolaev, Ukraine. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1966; GMComp 1975.

1909.10.30 Forsythe, David died in Dunedin, New Zealand. Invented Forsythe notation.

1909.12.16 Vidmar, Milan Jr. born. Yug IM 1950.

1910 1st match between England & Netherlands, Kent. England won.

1910 Belavenets, Sergey born in Russia. Moscow ch 1932, 1937, 1938.

1910 Klein b. Br ch 1951.

1910 Krejcik took on 25 players on his 25th birthday. Went 0 out of 25.

1910 Napolitano, Mario born. ICCG 1953.

1910 Schwarz, Adolf born. Hungarian-born player.

1910 Tolstoy, Leo born. Russian chess novelist and chess fanatic.

1910 Velimirovic, Jovanka born. Yugoslavia's 1st woman ch. D. Velimirovic's mother.

1910.01.07 Lasker-Schlechter world ch match, Vienna.

1910.01.27 Reinfeld born in New York. Died 1964. Twice NY ch. Wrote 100 books.

1910.02.03 Czerniak, Moshe born in Warsaw. Palestine ch 1936. Israeli ch 1955. IM 1952.

1910.02.09 Book, Eero born in Helsinki. IM 1950. IA 1981; HGM 1984. Finnish ch.

1910.02.10 Lasker defeats Schlecter in 10th match game to retain title, Berlin.

1910.02.19 Fuster, Geza born in Budapest. IM 1969.

1910.02.19 Konstantinopolsky b. Zhitomin. Won 1st USSR cr ch 1951. IM 1950.

1910.02.24 Kottnauer b. IM 1950.

1910.02.27 Kasparyan, GM for chess compositions, b. 10-time Armenian ch.

1910.02.28 Rossolimo, US GM, born in Kiev. Paris ch 10 times. IM 1950. GM 1953.

1910.04.08 Dake, Arthur born in Portland. IM 1954; HGM 1986. Oldest GM.

1910.04.15 Najdorf, Argentinan GM, b. Warsaw. GM 1950. Argentinian ch 1950,51,55,60,66,75.

1910.04.17 Mikenas, Lithuanian ch 1936,47,48,61, born in Estonia. IM 1950.

1910.04.28 Paros, world's leading composer of helpmates, born in Hungary.

1910.05.01 Tolush b. St Petersburg. Leningrad ch 4 times. GM 1953.

1910.05.11 Kaila b. Finnish ch 1939,54. IM 1952.

1910.08 US Open, Chicago, Wolbrecht 1st.

1910.08.13 Clarke, Richard, creator of the British system of grading, born in England.

1910.08.30 Gorgiev, Tigran born in Jizliar, Russia. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1969.

1910.08.31 Trifunovic, Yugoslavian IGM (1953), born. Yug ch 5 times. IM 1950.

1910.09.17 Mikenas, Vladas b. HGM 1987 (Russia).

1910.10 Lasker-Schlecter match.

1910.11.08 Lasker-Janowski world ch match, Berlin.

1910.12.08 Lasker beats Janowski, 9.5-1.5, Berlin.

1910.12.21 Andreaschek, Karl died in Czechoslovakia. Gambit named after him.

1911 1st appearance of 'modern chess openings.'

1911 1st time a player played 100 opponents simultaneously (Fahrni-Munich)

1911 1st time players reimbursed for their travels - San Sebastian.

1911 Anderson, Peter born in Scotland. 1954 Scottish ch.

1911 CABLE; Last cable match between US and UK.

1911 Finland is 1st country to organize chess for students.

1911 Hungarian Chess Federation founded.

1911 Konig died. Born in 1836. Bohemian composer of chess problems.

1911 Mortimer, James died. Chess journalist. Caught pneumonia at a chess tournament.

1911 Rothschild, Albert died. Chess patron.

1911 Yakimchik, Vitold born. Soviet chess composer.

1911.02.19 1st day of San Sebastian tourney. 1st appearance of Capa in Europe. He took 1st.

1911.02.09 Duras lost to Janowski after 161 moves, one of the longest games.

1911.02.22 Bartmanski, Henryk died in Poland. Bartmanski variation

1911.03.01 Golombek, Harry born in London. IM 1950; IA 1954; HGM 1985. 4-time British ch.

1911.04.10 Capablanca defeats Lasker to become world champion.

1911.04.10 Loyd, America's most famous chess composer, died in Brooklyn.

1911.05.05 Lilienthal, Soviet GM, born in Moscow. USSR ch 1940. GM 1950.

1911.05.17 O'Kelly de Galway b. Brussels. GM 1956. World cr ch 1952. CGM 1962

1911.05.29 Heidenfeld, Wolfgang born in Berlin. S African ch 8 times; Irish ch 6 times.

1911.06.08 Yudovich, Soviet IM and author, born.

1911.06.14 Abramov, Lev born in Russia. IA 1957; IMC 1979.

1911.07.13 Bernstein, Sidney born in New York City. Author.

1911.08 US Open, Excelsior, Blacke 1st.

1911.08.13 Florian, Jaromir born.

1911.08.15 Vaitonis b. Lithuanian ch 1934,37,42,43,44. Canadian ch 1951,57. IM 1952.

1911.08.17 Botvinnik, Mikhail born Kuokkala (now Repino), Russia. GM 1950; IJComp 1956.

1911.08.21 Barcza, Gedeon born in Kisujszallas, Hungary. IM 1950; GM 1954; IMC 1966.

1911.10.20 Cozens, William born in Longstock, England. Author.

1911.11.26 Reshevsky, US GM, born in Ozorkow, Poland. 6-time US ch. D. 1992

1911.12.09 Nikolai Novoteinov b. IM 1950.

1912 Abbazia (now Opatija) tournament held. All games were King's Gambit Accepted.

1912 Dawson invents the Grasshopper, most common Fairy chesspiece.

1912 Maurian d. Born in 1838. Played Morphy many times.

1912 Nezhmetdinov, Rashid born. Wrote 1st Tatar chess book in 1953.

1912 Uedemann, Louis died. Born 1854. Invented Udemann code which is really the Gringmuth notation.

1912. Cox, Thomas born in Ireland. Irish ch in 1937, 1938.

1912.01.15 Fritz, Jindrich born in Prague. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1966; GMComp 1975.

1912.02 MCO; 1st edition of MCO.

1912.05.07 Dunhaupt, Heinz born in Buckeburg, Germany. IMC 1963; GMC 1973.

1912.05.23 Ahman, Harry born in Malmberget, Sweden. IMC 1979.

1912.06.22 Bidev, Pavle born in Prijepolje, Yugoslavia. Chess historian.

1912.07.12 Cramer, Fred born in Milwaukee. Past USCF President.

1912.07.28 Veresov, Gavril, Soviet player, born.

1912.08 Us Open, Excelsior, Elliott 1st.

1912.08.16 Combe, Robert born in Logie-Buchan, Scotland. Br ch 1946.

1912.09.23 Collins, John born in Newburgh, New York. Chess teacher. Won 1952 NY Ch.

1912.10.12 Ascher, Jacob died in New York City.

1912.10.16 Ahmad, Iqbal born in Pakistan. IMC 1965.

1912.12.15 Neimetdinov b. 1st USSR Master in chess and checkers. IM 1954. Wrote 1st chess book in Tatar language.

1913 MURRAY; "History of chess" by H.J.R. Murray published by Oxford U Press.

1913 Been, Jan born in Amsterdam. Been variation

1913 Capablanca goes 13-0 in New York tournament.

1913 Perlis, Julius died after an Alpine climb.

1913 Szily b. Hungarian IM 1950. Died 1976.

1913 Flores, Rodrigo born in Santiago, Chile. Chilean player who won 1946-47 Marshall CC Ch. Chilean ch.

1913.01.17 Loshinsky, greatest chess composer, born.

1913.01.27 Prins b. Amsterdam. Dutch GM 1982. Netherland ch 1965. IM 1950.

1913.03.30 Haring, Jacobus born in Hoorn, Netherlands. IJComp 1964; IMComp 1968; GMComp 1990.

1913.04 Rard b. Viljandi. Estonian ch 1934, 1938-39.

1913.04.06 Guimard, Carlos, Argentine gm, born. IM 1950. GM 1960. Argentine ch 1947,49,53.

1913.05.10 Bourke, Austin born in Ireland. 1951 Irish ch.

1913.05.12 Bondarevsky, Igor born in Rostov-on-Don. USSR ch 1940. GM 1950; IA 1954; GMC 1961

1913.05.14 Cordel, Oscar died in Berlin. Cordel var.

1913.08 US Open, Chicago, Jefferson 1st.

1913.08.09 Bely, Miklos born in Budapest. Hungarian IM 1956.

1913.08.12 Kotov b. Yula. USSR 1948. GM 1950. Candidate 1950, 1953.

1913.08.17 Cohn, Wilhelm died in Berlin. Professional player.

1913.08.17 Muhring b. Dutch IM 1951.

1913.08.28 Hoffer, Leopold died in London. Editor of the Chess Monthly.

1913.11.04 Bikova, (Bykova) Elizaveta born in Bogoliubovo, Russia. WIM 1950; IM 1953; WGM 1976; World ch 1953-6, 1958-62.

1914 1st time chess appeared in a film, The Wishing Ring.

1914 1st time the term fairy chess used for heterodox problems.

1914 All-Russian Chess Federation founded (865 members).

1914 Bastrikov, Georgy born in Russia.

1914 Blackburne tied for 1st at Br ch at age 72.

1914 Burille, Constant Ferdinand died in Boston. Operated Ajeeb in the United States.

1914.01.08 Pilnik, Argentine GM, born in Germany. IM 1950. GM 1952.

1914.01.15 Kluber b. Hungarian IM 1954.

1914.02.21 Denker, Arnold born in New York City. US ch 1944. IM 1950. HGM 1981.

1914.03.06 Van Scheltinga b. Dutch IM 1965.

1914.03.08 Neikirch born. Bulgarian ch 1937,38,48,53,57. IM 1952.

1914.04.14 Banfalvi, Sandor (ne Brilla) born in Cehal, Romania. IMC 1967; GMC 1979.

1914.04.21 Blackburne's last tournament, St Petersburg (age 72).

1914.04.21 St Petersburg International starts.

1914.05.22 Lasker wins St. Petersberg International.

1914.05.22 Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia, confers the grandmaster title to 5 finalists.

1914.06.27 Baturinsky, Victor born in Russia.

1914.06.28 Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated at Sarajevo.

1914.07.20 Mannheim is host of the 19th congress of the German Chess Federation.

1914.07.20 Norwegian Chess Federation founded.

1914.08 Us Open, Memphis, Jefferson 1st.

1914.08.01 Germany declared war on France and Russia. World War I began.

1914.08.01 Last round of Mannheim tournament. Alekhine leads 9.5 - 1.5.

1914.10.11 Fine, Reuben born in Manhattan. 1st at AVRO 1938. GM 1950.

1914.10.20 Hay, David died in Melbourne. 1879 New Zealand co-champ.

1914.10.20 Karff b. Challenger 1937, 1939, 1949. WIM 1950.

1914.10.26 de Groot, Adrianus born in Santpoort, Netherlands.

1914.12.16 Graf-Stevenson, Sonja born in Germany. WIM 1950. US Women's ch 1964.

1915 Cavallotti, Mattia died in Milan. Cavallotti Countergambit.

1915 Wilson d. Born 1843. invented 1st mechanical chess clock. Died of cholera.

1915 Marshall Chess Divan started by Frank Marshall. Forerunner to Marshall Chess Club.

1915.02.21 Letelier b. Chile IM 1960.

1915.02.25 Andersson, Bertil born in Sweden. 1958 Swedish corr. ch.

1915.03 Thomas wins the London ch.

1915.03.03 Plater b. Polish ch 1949,56,57. IM 1950.

1915.03.19 Cook, Eugene died in Hoboken, NJ. 1st American composer of note.

1915.04.15 Arvidsson, Egon born in Sweden. 1953 Swedish corr. ch.

1915.04.20 Ujelky b. Czech IM 1961. Lawyer.

1915.06.09 Ahman, Ernst born in Sweden. 1948 Swedish ch.

1915.06.14 Cortlever, Nicolaas born in Amsterdam. Dutch IM 1950.

1915.08 US Open, Excelsior, Showalter 1st.

1915.08.30 Albrecht, Hermann born in Marburg, Germany. IJComp 1957.

1915.08.31 Hooper, David born in Reigate, England. Br cr ch 1944. London ch 1948.

1915.09.21 Letelier born.

1915.11.02 Rice, chess patron, died.

1916 1st analysis and play of the Budapest Gambit.

1916 Dilworth, Vernon born in England. Dilworth var.

1916 Kostich played 20 blindfold games simultaneously; a record.

1916 Tarrasch-Mieses match; prize was 1/2 pound of butter.

1916.01.07 Keres born.

1916.02.04 Trolanescu b. Romanian ch 1946,54,56,57. IM 1950.

1916.05.15 Castaldi, Vincenzo born in Marradi, Italy. IM 1950. Italian ch 1936.

1916.07.26 Charlick, Henry, 1st Australian chess champion (1887), died in Adelaide.

1916.08 US Open, Chicago, Ed Lasker 1st.

1916.08.20 Schmidt, Paul b. Estonian ch 1935,37. German ch 1941. IM 1950.

1916.11.14 1st time Budapest G. played competitively, Breyer-Esser.

1916.11.18 Cuellar-Gacharna, Miguel born in Columbia. IM 1957.

1917 Sanchez b. Columbian IM 1951.

1917.01.19 Gledhill, Walter died in Harrogate, England. Gledhill Attack.

1917.03.17 Brentano, Franz died in Zurich. Published analysis on openings.

1917.03.19 Szabo b. Budapest. 9-time Hungarian ch. GM 1950.

1917.05.29 Bullockus, Ted born in New York City.

1917.06.03 Coons, Everett born in Rochester, NY. Coons pairing system.

1917.06.11 Arlauskas, Romanas born in Kuanas, Lithuania. GMC 1965.

1917.07.08 Foldeak, Arpad born in Szob, Hungary. IJComp 1964.

1917.07.15 Gonzalez, Juan born.

1917.07.16 Hruby, Vincenz died in Trieste, Italy. Elo: 2480.

1917.08 US Open, Lexington, Ed Lasker 1st.

1917.08.25 Cook, William born in Bristol, England. Wrote opening book. Cook var.

1917.11.27 Kramer b. Dutch IM 1954.

1918 British chess problem society formed.

1918 Tarrash played a chess match for a kilo of butter.

1918 Pachman, Vladimir born. Brother is Ludek. IGCComp 1975.

1918.02.15 Atiashev, Peter born in Russia. 1955 Russian corr. ch.

1918.03.07 Katetov b. Czech IM 1950.

1918.08 Us Open, Chicago, Kostic 1st.

1918.08.23 Cohn, Eric died in Germany. Elo: 2480 Medical doctor.

1918.10.23 Marshall debuts the Marshall attack against Capablanca.

1918.12.14 Ojanen b. Finnsh ch 1950-53,1957-62, 1967. IM 1952.

1918.12.19 Blau, Max born in Munich. IM 1953. Swiss ch 1953,55,56,67.

1918.12.27 Schlechter, Viennese master, died of pneumonia and starvation in Budapest.

1919 64 magazine founded.

1919 Reti plays 24 blindfolded in Haarlem, Netherlands (+12 -3 =9).

1919 Taubenhaus, Jean died. Operated Mephisto.

1919.01.26 Grundy, James died in Manchester, England.

1919.02.25 Beechey, Frideswide died in Bray, Ireland. Woman composer.

1919.02.25 ROWLAND; Frideswide Beechey Rowland died. Famous woman problemist & columnist.

1919.02.27 Kasparian b. IM 1950. GMC 1972. Armenian ch.

1919.03.02 Florian, Tibor (ne Feldman) born in Budapest. Hungarian ch 1945. IM 1950. Hungarin ch 1945.

1919.03.09 Chaude de Silans, Chantal born in Versailles. WIM 1950.

1919.03.09 Silans b. Versailles. Played in men's ol 1950.

1919.04.09 Schallopp died.

1919.04.16 Altschuler, Roman born in Kursk, Russia. IMC 1967.

1919.05.14 Wagman, Stuart born.

1919.05.15 Bruce, Mary (ne Drew) born in Plymouth, England. World jr women's ch 1935. WIM 1951.

1919.06.09 Boleslavsky, Isaak born in Zolotonobna, Russia. GM 1950.

1919.06.21 Simagin b. Moscow. GM 1962. USSR ch 1964. IM 1950.

1919.08 Us Open, Cincinnati, Ed Lasker 1st.

1919.09.27 Rabar, developer of opening indexes, born in Yugoslavia. IM 1950. Yug ch 1951.

1919.09.29 Zvorikina born. 5-time USSR women's ch. Challenger 1960.

1919.10.02 Medina b. Spanish ch 1944-1950, 1952, 1963. Venezuelan ch 1955,56,58. IM 1950.

1919.11.08 British Chess Problem Society formed.

1919.11.27 Bent, Charles born in Southsea, England. One of England's finest composers.

1919.12.02 Capa played a team of 38 members of the House of Commons. w 36, d 2.

1919.12.03 Heemskerk, Fenny born in Amsterdam. WIM 1950; WGM 1977.

1920 Alekhine wins 1st USSR championship.

1920 Belgium Chess Federation founded.

1920 Rotlewi, Gerz died. Polish player.

1920.01.12 Winawer (b. 1838), Polish master, d. Warsaw. German ch 1883.

1920.01.19 Donnelly, Ruth born.

1920.01.20 Borisenko, Valentina (ne Belova) born in Vologda, Russia. Challenger 1949. USSR women's ch 5 times. WIM 1950; WGM 1978.

1920.01.28 Belova, Valentina born in Cherepovets, Russia. WIM 1950; WGM 1978.

1920.02.01 Albin, Adolf died in Vienna. Elo: 2450

1920.03.20 Bolbochan, Julio born in Buenos Aires. IM 1950; GM 1977. Argentine ch 1938,46,48.

1920.04.17 Hunt, Joseph died in Wolverhampton, England. Hunt opening.

1920.04.23 Crane, William died in Stanmore, Australia. Australian ch 1888, 1897.

1920.06.02 Heyde, Albert died in Aberdeen, WA. Editor. Heyde var.

1920.07.20 Aronin, Lev born in Samara, Russia. IM 1950. Moscow ch 1965. Meterologist.

1920.08 US Open, Memphis, Ed Lasker 1st.

1920.08.13 Edmondson, Edmund, US chess organizer born in Rochester, NY. USCF President 1963. USCF executive director 1967.

1920.09.08 PEREZ; Francisco Perez Perez b. Spanish ch 1946,48,54,60. IM 1959. Lives in Cuba.

1920.09.11 Udovcic born. Yugo ch 1963. GM 1952. IM 1957.

1920.09.20 Italian Chess Federation founded.

1920.10.07 Seidman, Herbert born in NY. Intercollegiate Ch 1941. Marshall CC Champ.

1920.11.03 Reshevsky enters the US.

1920.12 1st Hastings Christmas Chess Congress (won by Yates).

1920.12.01 Furman, Semen born in Moscow. IM 1954; GM 1966. Leningrad ch 1954, 1957.

1920.12.15 Caro, Horatio died in London. Published analysis of the Caro-Kann in 1886. Elo: 2470.

1921 Gumpel, Charles, builder of Mephisto, died in England.

1921 Alekhine introduces Alekhine's Defense in Budapest.

1921 Breyer set new blindfold record, 25 opponents (+15=7-3)

1921 French Chess Federation founded.

1921.02.06 Kazic born. Journalist, arbiter.

1921.02.10 Levy, Louis born.

1921.02.16 Fichtl, Jiri born in Brno, Czechoslovakia. Czech ch 1950, 1960. IM 1959.

1921.02.20 Shocron, Ruben born.

1921.03.15 Lasker-Capablanca world championship match, Havana.

1921.03.24 Smyslov born.

1921.04.09 Puc, Yugoslavian IGM, born. IM 1950.

1921.04.10 Wade b. Dunedin, NZ. Br ch 1952, 1970. 3-time NZ ch.

1921.04.28 Capa beats Lasker, 9-5, Havana.

1921.04.30 Ilivitsky b. USSR IM 1955.

1921.04.30 Lasker writes that the end of chess is in sight (BCM 1980,613)

1921.06 Capablanca-Lasker match, won by Capablanca. Lasker ch for 26.8 yrs.

1921.06.27 Reshevsky plays 20-game simul in LA.

1921.07.04 Szilagyi b. Hngarian IM 1956.

1921.08 US Open, Cleveland, Ed Lasker 1st.

1921.09.04 Adams, John born in England. IMC 1976.

1921.09.22 Nadareishvili, soviet IGM of chess compositions, born.

1921.10.20 Lehmann b. W German IM 1961.

1921.11.09 Breyer, Gyula Hungarian master, died in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. Heart attack.

1921.12.03 Sajtor b. Czech IM 1950. FIDE VP in 1956.

1922 Australian Chess Federation formed.

1922 Grunfeld introduces the Grunfeld defense against Kolisch at Teplitz.

1922 Saavedra, author of the most famous of all studies, died. A monk.

1922 Hutton pairing system 1st used in Britain in Counties corr. ch.

1922 Lucena proved to be the author of the Gottingen manuscript.

1922 Scheve, Theodor von died. German player.

1922 Visserman, Eeltje born. One of 1st four to be awarded IGCC when it was introduced in 1972.

1922 Marshall Chess Club incorporated.

1922.01 Marshall played 155 games simultaneously in Montreal; won 126, drew 21, lost 8.

1922.02. Benima, Levi died in Amsterdam. Dutch champion in 1881, 1883.

1922.02.04 Capa plays 103 players, winning 102, drawing 1, in Cleveland.

1922.02.04 Sliwa, Polish IGM (1987), born. Polish ch 1946,51,52,53,54,60. IM 1953.

1922.02.08 Averbakh, Yuri born in Kaluga, Russia. IM 1951; GM 1952. IJComp 1956; IA 1969; USSR ch 1954. Prez of USSR Chess Fed (1973-1978)

1922.02.16 Teschner, German master and author, born. W German ch 1951. IM 1957.

1922.02.25 Borisenko, Georgy born in Kharkov, Ukraine. 2nd in 4th world corr ch 1962-4. IMC 1961; GMC 1966.

1922.03.02 Ahues, Herbert born in Berlin. IJComp 1962; IMComp 1976. GMComp 1989.

1922.03.14 Arnlind, Eric born in Arnas, Sweden. IMC 1959; GMC 1968.

1922.04.09 Brglez, Francek born in Cadram, Yugoslavia. IA 1970; IMC 1974; GMC 1979.

1922.05 Watkinson elected pres. of Huddersfield CC. 1st elected in 1853.

1922.07.25 Edwards, Joseph died in Dunedin, New Zealand.

1922.08 US Open, Louisville, Factor 1st.

1922.08 Smederevac b. Yug IM 1965.

1922.09.02 Christoffel, Martin born. Swiss ch 1942,43,45,48,52. IM 1952.

1922.09.08 Rossetto, Argentine IGM born. IM 1950. GM 1960.

1922.10.08 Hunter, Charles born in England. Br cr ch '61. World's fastest speaker. IMC 1967.

1922.10.25 Averby, Rune born in Sweden. 1973 Swedish corr. ch.

1923 Koltanowski wins Belgium ch.

1923 Milner-Berry becomes 1st British Boy Ch.

1923 Thomas is British Chess Ch and British Badminton Ch.

1923 Duchamp abandoned art for chess.

1923 Marshall successfully defended his title in a match with Edward Lasker, by a score of 5-4.

1923.01.01 Khenkin, Victor b. Russian. HGM 1992.

1923.02.02 Gligoric born in Belgrade. 12-time Yugo ch. IM 1950; GM 1951.

1923.02.15 Hasin b. USSR IM 1964.

1923.04.19 Dombrovskis, Alfreds born in Aizpute, Latvia. IJComp 1956.

1923.04.21 Estrin, Yakov born in Moscow. World cr ch 1975. IMC 1965; GMC 1966; IM 1975; GM 1984.

1923.05.09 Durkin, Robert born in Milwaukee. Durkin opening.

1923.06.01 Shamkovich, Leonid born in Rostov-Don, USSR. IM 1962. GM 1965. Left USSR in 1974.

1923.06.02 Beni, Alfred born in Vienna. IM 1951.

1923.06.14 Pfeiffer b. W German ch 1964. IM 1957.

1923.07.06 Cleland, Robert died in Dunedin, New Zealand. Won the 12th NZ Ch in 1899.

1923.07.08 Janosevic, Yugoslavian IGM, born. IM 1964. GM 1965.

1923.07.15 Alapin, Simon died in Heidelberg. Elo: 2500

1923.08 US Open, San Francisco, Whitaker & Mlotkowski 1st.

1923.08.29 Marco (b. 1863) died in Vienna.

1923.09.26 Boren, Per died in Malarhojden, Sweden. Boren variation.

1923.10.13 Foguelman, Alberto born in Buenos Aires. IM 1963.

1923.12.04 Nedeljkovic b. Yugoslav IM 1950.

1923.12.19 Watkinson died. Founder of the British Chess Magazine.

1923.12.24 Pilnick, Carl born.

1923.12.30 Hanham, James died in New York City. Introduced the Hanham variation in 1889. Major, USA.

1924 1st use of the term Indian defense, coined by Tartakower.

1924 USSR; The State takes over the control of chess in the USSR.

1924 1st American to beat soviet player in international comp. - Marshall.

1924 1st World Amateur ch. 1st = Mattison (Latvia).

1924 Atkins wins his 8th British ch; Southport.

1924.01.01 Junge, German champion, b. Conception, Chile. Ger ch 1941.

1924.01.08 Guidelli, Giorgio died in Rome of pneumonia. Composer.

1924.01.22 Sarapu b. Narva. Won New Zealand ch 16 times. IM 1966.

1924.01.31 Bardeleben, Curt died in Berlin. Jumped out window; suicide.

1924.02.01 Baird (Winter Wood), Edith died in Paignton, England.

1924.02.12 Van den Berg b. Dutch IM 1963. Died 1971.

1924.02.16 Barendregt, Johan born in Nieuwerkerk, Netherlands. IM 1962. Prof of psychology.

1924.02.19 Bronstein, David born near Kiev. GM 1950. USSR Ch 1948,49. IJComp 1961.

1924.03.16 NY International.

1924.03.21 Reti beats Capa. Undefeated since 2/10/1916 in 63 games (+40=23).

1924.04.19 Lasker wins NY International. Capa 2nd; Alekhine 3rd.

1924.05.11 Pachman, Ludek b. Bela pod Bezdezem. 7-time Czech ch. W Ger ch 1978.

1924.07.20 FIDE; Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) founded in Zurich.

1924.07.20 FIDE; Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) founded in Zurich.

1924.08 US Open, Detroit, Torre 1st.

1924.09.01 Blackburne, Joseph died in London. Played in 53 tourneys in 52 years. Born 1841.

1924.09.15 Chatard, Eugene died in La Varenne, France. Chatard var.

1925 1st International tourney to be financed from gvt funds, Moscow.

1925 1st film to deal exclusively with chess, CHESS FEVER. USSR film comedy.

1925 Marseillaise chess invented. Player plays 2 moves at a time.

1925 Nimzovich publishes 'my system.'

1925 Romanian Chess Federation founded.

1925 Baden-Baden. 1st international tourney in Germany after WWI. Alekhine won.

1925 Suer b. Turkish IM 1975.

1925.01.29 Guest, Antony died in London, England. Br. amateur ch 1888.

1925.03.02 Geller, Efim born in Odessa. USSR ch 1955, 1979. IM 1951; GM 1952. World Senior Ch 1992.

1925.03.26 Yanofsky b. Brody, Poland. 8-time Canadian ch. Br ch 1953.

1925.04.01 Wexler b. Argentine ch 1959. IM 1959.

1925.04.25 Belkadi, Ridha born in Tunis. IM 1974. IA 1982.

1925.05.13 Kholmov born. IM 1954. GM 1960.

1925.05.23 Henneberke, Franciscus born in Amsterdam. Dutch IM 1962.

1925.06.12 Teichmann (b. 1868), German master, died.

1925.06.23 Husak, Karel born in Beroun, Czechoslovakia. 2nd in world cr ch 1968. IMC 1965; GMC 1968.

1925.06.25 Heilemann, Paul born in Lahn, Germany. IMC 1967; GMC 1984.

1925.06.26 Unzicker b. Pirmasens. 7-time W Ger ch.

1925.06.29 Zagorovsky, Vladimir IGM correspondence player (1965), born.

1925.08 US Open, Cedar Point, Kupchik 1st.

1925.09.02 Eisen b. Top corr. player.

1925.10.11 Davies, Marry born in Barry, Wales. 1974 Wales women's champion.

1925.10.20 Milic b. Yugoslav IM 1951.

1925.10.26 Holladay, Edgar born in Cleveland. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1977.

1925.10.29 Divinsky, Nathan born in Winnipeg. Author.

1925.11.16 Acketa, Tihomir born in Yugoslavia. IA 1966.

1925.11.25 Burn, Amos died in London. German ch 1898. Elo: 2530

1926 KHAN; Sir Umer Hayat Khan discovers Mir Sultan Khan in India.

1926 Menchik wins 1st world jr. women's ch (under 21) in England.

1926.01.07 Saunders Pritchard b. World jr women's ch at 10. Br ch at 13.

1926.01.24 Flamberg, Aleksander died in Warsaw.

1926.02 MENCHIK; Vera Menchik wins 1st Girl's Open in London.

1926.02.07 Taimanov born.

1926.02.24 Karaklajic b. Yug ch 1955. IM 1955. Disc jockey in Belgrade.

1926.03.26 Schwartz, German chess author, born.

1926.06.07 Balanel, Ion born in Bucharest. Romanian Ch 1950,53,55,58. IM 1954.

1926.07 3rd FIDE Congress in Budapest. Little Olympiad of 4 nations. Hungary 1st.

1926.08 US Open, Chicago, Stolzenberg 1st.

1926.09.20 Spence, American chess author, born in Omaha, Nebraska.

1926.10.21 Eretova, Kveta born in Prague. WIM 1957; WGM 1986.

1926.11.16 Suetin born. IM 1961. GM 1965.

1926.12 National Chess Federation of the U.S.A. founded.

1927 1st women's world championship, London. 1st = V. Menchik.

1927 Duchamp marries. Divorced 3 months later because of his chess.

1927 International Correspondence Chess Association founded by FIDE. Replaced in 1946 by ICCF.

1927 1st use of figurine algebraic notation in a magazine - Belgium.

1927 First original book in the Russian language devoted to the endgame by Rabinovich.

1927 Weis, Max died.

1927 Zappas, Byron, leading Greek problemist born.

1927.01.15 Janowski (b. 1868) died of tuberculosis in Hyeres, France, just before a tourney.

1927.02.21 Sunnucks, British woman champion and author, born. Br Ladies Ch 1957,58,64.

1927.02.22 Campomanes, Florencio, FIDE president since 1982, born in Manila. IA 1958.

1927.03.23 Capablanca wins NY International.

1927.03.23 Damjanovic, Mato born in Djeletovci, Yugoslavia. IM 1962; GM 1964.

1927.06 Alekhine-Capablanca match, won by Alekhine.

1927.06.06 Bobotsova, Antonia (ne Ivanova) born in Sofia, Bulgaria. WIM 1954; IA 1972; WGM 1983.

1927.07 OLYMPIAD; 1st Olympiad, the London Olympiad, Hungary 1st. 16 teams.

1927.07.06 Donner, Johannes (Jan) born in The Hague, Netherlands. IM 1952; GM 1959. Dutch ch 1954, 1957, 1958.

1927.07.07 Goldschmeding, Cornelius born in Amsterdam. IJComp 1958; IMComp 1971; GMComp 1988.

1927.08 US Open, Kalamazoo, Margolis 1st.

1927.08.02 Duckstein, Andreas, Austrian IM, born. IM 1956. Austrian ch 1954, 1956.

1927.09.16 Capablanca-Alekhine world championship, Buenos Aires.

1927.10.09 Gaige, Jeremy, american chess archivist, born in New York City.

1927.10.17 Angelov, Petko born in Bulgaria. IMC 1973.

1927.11.19 Bourne, Brian born in London. 1956 Wales ch.

1927.11.29 Alekhine (+6=25-3) beats Capa, 18.5-15.5, Buenos Aires.

1927.11.29 Alekhine defeats Capablanca to become world champion.

1928 IFBS; International Association for Correspondence Chess, IFSB, formed.

1928 Sultan Khan wins All-India ch (BCM 1978,519)

1928 White, John died. Founder and donor of the world's largest chess library.

1928 Yates wins his 5th British ch, at Tenby.

1928.01.03 Anderson, Frank Ross born in Edmonton. 3-time Canadian ch (1953, 1955). IM 1954. Should have been a GM.

1928.02.28 Chajes, Oscar died in New York City. Elo: 2440

1928.03.11 Hybl, Jaroslav born. 2nd in world cr ch 1968. IMC 1965; GMC 1968.

1928.03.17 Giustolisi, Alberto born in Rome. Italian ch 1961,64,66. IM 1962.

1928.03.30 Anton, Aurel born in Salbagel, Romania. IMC 1980.

1928.04.20 Byrne, Robert born in Brooklyn. US ch 1972. IM 1952; GM 1964

1928.05.10 Schmid, Lothar b. Rudebeul. GM 1959. GMC 1959. 2nd in 1959 cr ch.

1928.05.10 Schmidt, West German IGM (1959) & book collector, born. IM 1951.

1928.05.12 Fuller, John born in England. 1954 British corr. ch.

1928.06.09 Bibuld, Jerome born in New York City. IA 1980.

1928.06.25 Jimenez, Eleazor born in Cuba. IM 1963.

1928.07.15 Benko, Pal born in Amiens, France. 5-time US Open ch. IM 1950; GM 1958.

1928.08 Euwe wins 2nd (and last) world amateur championship.

1928.08 Hague Olympiad, Hungary 1st. Only amateurs allowed. 2nd olympiad.

1928.08 US Open, South Bend, Stolzenberg 1st.

1928.08.30 Porreca b. Italian ch 1950,56. IM 1957.

1928.10 White (b. 1845), book collector, died in Jackson Lake, Wyoming.

1928.10 LASKER; Berthold Lasker dies.

1928.10 Temple, inventor of Kriegspiel, died.

1928.10.14 Robatsch, Austrian IGM, born. IM 1957. GM 1961.

1928.10.27 Filip, Czech IGM, born. IM 1953. GM 1955. Czech ch 1950,52,60.

1928.10.27 Filip, Miroslav born in Prague. IM 1953; GM 1955; IA 1978. Czech ch 1950,52,60.

1929 DRAW; Minimum of 30 moves before draw agreed rule (abolished in 1952).

1929 Sultan Khan brought to England. Won Br ch 1932, 1933.

1929 1st international codification of rules.

1929 Breazu, Mihai born in Deva, Romania. IMC 1974; GMC 1985.

1929 My System by Nimzovich 1st published in English.

1929.01.21 Brodsky, Adolf died in Manchester, England. Brodsky variation.

1929.01.27 Berliner, Hans born in Berlin. GMC 1968. 5th World Corr. Ch (1965-8).

1929.03.13 Slater b. Br chess patron.

1929.03.15 Ajeeb destroyed by fire at Coney Island.

1929.04.18 Shipman, Walter born.

1929.05.14 Antoshin born in Moscow. IM 1963. GM 1964.

1929.05.17 Vladimirov b. IM 1963.

1929.06 Alekhine-Bogoljubov match.

1929.06.01 Kozma b. Czech ch 1957. IM 1957.

1929.06.06 Reti (b. 1889) died of scarlet fever in Prague.

1929.06.17 Petrosian, former world chess champion, born.

1929.06.20 Crown, Gordon born in Liverpool.

1929.07.25 Roycroft, English study composer and author, born.

1929.08 US Open, St Louis, Hahbohm 1st.

1929.08.15 Kramer, George born in NY. Won NY ch in 1945 at the age of 16.

1929.08.20 Barden, Leonard born in London. Br Ch 1954. Tied for 1st in 1958.

1929.09.02 Bertok, Mario born in Zagreb. Yug IM 1957.

1929.09.05 Cobo-Arteaga, Eldis born in Cuba. IM 1967.

1929.09.05 Dunphy, William born in Australia. Irish ch 1957.

1929.09.16 Bouwmeester, Henk born in Haarlem, Netherlands. IM 1954; GMC 1981.

1929.09.16 Nedeljkovic-Jovanovic b. Yug Woman ch 1951-53,58,65.

1929.09.26 Alekhine-Bogoljubov match, Germany.

1929.10.08 Bisguier, Arthur born in the Bronx. US jr ch 1948. US ch 1954-58. IM 1950; GM 1957.

1929.10.25 Milev b. Bulgarian ch 1952,60,61. IM 1952.

1929.11.12 Alekhine (+11=9-5) beats Bogoljubov, 15.5-9.5, Holland.

1929.12.03 Hutton, George died in Edinburgh, Scotland. Devised the Hutton pairing method for teams. Born in 1866.

1929.12.05 Onat b. Turkish IM 1975.

1929.12.20 Babson, Joseph died in Seattle, WA. Chess composer.

1930 Rittner, Horst born. ICCG 1961. Won the 6th World Corr. Ch.

1930 Turover gives 500 lire brilliancy prize at San Remo

1930.01.23 Myers, American chess author, born.

1930.02.06 Soos b. IM 1967. Romanian/W German.

1930.02.13 Greiff, Boris born in Medillin, Columbia. IM 1957; IA 1978.

1930.02.13 de Greiff, Boris born in Medillin, Columbia. IM 1957; IA 1978.

1930.04.24 Dudeney, Henry died in Lewes, England. England's king of puzzle makers.

1930.05.02 Gunsberg, Isidor died in London. German ch 1885. World Challenger 1891. Elo: 2560.

1930.05.16 Backlund, Ake born in Vaasa, Finland. IMC 1980.

1930.05.23 Matanovic, b. Belgrade. GM 1955. 3-time Yugoslav ch. IM 1951.

1930.06 Chess Amateur ends.

1930.06. Chambers, John died in Cardiff, Wales.

1930.06.12 Byrne, Donald born in New York City. US Open ch 1953, 57. IM 1962

1930.07.22 Krogius, soviet IGM, born. IM 1963. GM 1964. Psychologist.

1930.08 Hamburg Olympiad, Poland 1st.

1930.08 US Open, Chicago, Whitaker & Factor 1st.

1930.08.17 Fleishmann, Leo (also Forgacs) died in Berettyoujfalu, Hungary. Elo: 2520 Hungary ch 1907.

1930.08.20 Kaminsky, Oleg born.

1930.09.13 Smith, Ken American chess master, born in Olney, Texas.

1930.10.17 Asenova, Venka born in Bulgaria. WIM 1965; HWGM 1986

1930.10.24 German, Eugenio born in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. IM 1952.

1930.10.25 Honfi, Karoly born in Budapest. Hungarian IM 1962.

1930.12.21 Pietzsch, b. Wittgendorf, DDR. GM 1965. 4-time DDR ch. IM 1961.




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