Chess History

1931 - 1960

1931 Alekhine wins at Bled, 5 1/2 points more than 2nd place.

1931 Jones, Ernest publishes 'The Problem of Paul Morphy.'

1931 Weenik, Henri died. Dutch composer, player and author.

1931.01.08 Minev, Nikolay international master, born. Bulgarian ch 1953,65,66. IM 1960.

1931.02.05 Holuj-Radzikowska, Krystina born in Lvov, Russia. WIM 1954; WGM 1984.

1931.02.22 Doda, Zbigniew born in Poznan, Poland.. Polish ch 1964, 67. IM 1964.

1931.03.07 Fleissig, Bernhard died in Vienna. Fleissig var.

1931.03.23 Korchnoi b. Leningrad. GM 1956.

1931.03.28 Lein, Anatoly born in Leningrad.

1931.04.06 Douthwaite, Brian born in Cardiff, Wales. 1958 Welsh ch.

1931.05.13 Fuderer, Andrija born in Subotica, Yugoslavia. IM 1952; HGM 1990.

1931.08 Prague Olympiad, USA 1st.

1931.08 US Open, Tulsa, Reshevsky 1st.

1931.08.12 Berger, Bela born in Szombathely, Hungary. Hungarian/Australian IM 1954.

1931.09.01 Pomar-Salamanca, Spanish IGM, born. 7-time Spanish ch. IM 1950. GM 1962. Ch of Balearic Isles at 11.

1931.09.09 Bhend, Edwin born. Swiss IM 1960. Swiss ch 1957.

1931.09.30 Bobotsov, Milko born in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. IM 1960; GM 1961. Bulg. ch 1958. 1st GM Bulgarian.

1931.10.03 Martinovsky, Eugene born.

1931.10.08 Toran b. Spanish ch 1951,53. IM 1954.

1931.11.14 Curdo, John, American chess master, born in Lynn, MA.

1931.11.15 Bogdanovic, Rajko born in Vares, Yugoslavia. IM 1963.

1931.12.17 Brandreth, Dale born in Phoenixville, PA. Bibliophile.

1932 Canadian Chess Federation replaces Canadian Chess Association.

1932 Takacs died.

1932.01 Noteboom died in England. Age 22.

1932.01.16 Ciocaltea, Victor born in Bucharest. Romanian ch 1952,59,61,62,70,71. IM 1957; GM 1979.

1932.02.07 Grabczewski born in Warsaw. IM 1972.

1932.03.01 Geet, Dirk born in the Netherlands. IM 1965; GMC 1986.

1932.03.08 Finn, Kate died in London. 1st Br women's ch. Won in 1904, 1905.

1932.03.10 Kupper b. Swiss ch 1954,57,62. IM 1955.

1932.03.22 Evans, Larry Melvyn born in Manhattan. 4-time US ch. IM 1952; GM 1957.

1932.04.20 Colle, Edgar died in Ghent, Belgium. Died after operation of gastric ulcer. Belgium ch 1924. Elo: 2490

1932.04.22 Fritz, Alexander died in Alsfeld, Germany. Elo: 2350. Fritz var.

1932.04.22 Nikolac b. Yugoslav IM 1975.

1932.06.10 Albulet, Maria born in Braila, Romania. WIM 1957; WGM (emeritus) 1985

1932.06.15 Bartolovic, Vojko born in Zagreb. IJComp 1956; IMComp 1967; GMComp 1980

1932.07.28 Capelan, Gunter born in Wermelskirchen, Germany. IM 1968.

1932.08 US Open, Minneapolis, Fine 1st.

1932.08.10 Partos b. Romanian IM 1975.

1932.08.11 Bilek, Istvan born in Budapest. 3-time Hungarian ch. Ex-wife also Hungarian ch. IM 1958; GM 1962.

1932.10 LYONS; William Lyons of Kentucky died at age 83. One of the 1st chessbook dealers.

1932.11.01 Kraidman, Israeli IGM (1976), born. IM 1965.

1932.11.11 Yates (b. 1884), English master, died from a gas leak.

1932.11.16 Mattison d. Riga. World amateur ch 1924. Latvian ch 1924.

1932.11.27 Weinberger, Tibor born.

1932.12.01 Lazarevic b. WGM 1976.

1932.12.07 Brasket, Curt born in Tracy, MN. FM 1984.

1933 1st Br Boys' Ch, Hastings.

1933 1st issue of Chess Review, edited by Isaac Kashdan.

1933 Alekhine visits Shanghai and gives simuls.

1933 Braille Chess Association founded.

1933.01 1st issue of CHESS REVIEW by Kashdan and Horowitz.

1933.01.11 Haag, Ervin born in Mosonmagyarovar, Hungary. Hungarian. IM 1961; IMC 1961.

1933.01.14 Englund, Fritz died in Stockholm. Englund Gambit.

1933.01.18 Popovych, Orest born.

1933.01.22 Branch, William died in Cheltenham, England. Chess historian.

1933.01.22 Burger, Karl born in New York City. IM 1980.

1933.02.03 Sanguinetti b. Argentina ch 1956,57,62,65. IM 1957. GM 82.

1933.02.05 Lutikov, Soviet IGM, born. IM 1967. GM 1974.

1933.02.18 Alaikov, Venelin born in Shumen, Bulgaria. IJComp 1977; IMComp 1988

1933.02.23 Mikhalchisin, Adrian b. Yugoslav IM 1963.

1933.02.28 Spiridinov b. Bulgarian ch 1969. GM 1979.

1933.03.05 Vasiukov born. 6-time Moscow ch. IM 1958. GM 1961.

1933.03.07 Gottschall, Hermann died in Gorlitz, Germany. Elo: 2400. Author and editor.

1933.03.18 Clarke, Peter born in London. 2nd in Br ch 5 times. IMC 1976; IA 1976; GMC 1980; FM 1984.

1933.04.03 Navarovsky b. Hungarian IM 1965.

1933.04.06 Bakcsi, Gyorgy (ne Bartok) born in Budapest. IMComp 1967; IJComp 1979; GMComp 1980.

1933.04.06 Bartok, Gyorgy born in Budapest. IMComp 1967; GMComp 1980

1933.04.06 Diez del Corral, Jesus born in Saragossa, Spain. Spanish ch 1955, 1965. GM 1974. IM 1967.

1933.04.16 Honfi, Lujza (ne Gurszky) born in Budapest. WIM 1969; WIMC 1977.

1933.04.26 Djurasevic, Bizidar born in Belgrade. Yugoslav IM 1957.

1933.05.25 Shinkman (b. 1847), chess composer, died.

1933.05.29 Padevsky, Bulgarian IGM, born. 4-time Bulgarian ch. IM, GM 1964.

1933.06.13 Lengyl, Hungarian IGM (1964), born. IM 1962.

1933.07.07 Nun b. Czech IM 1976.

1933.08 Folkestone Olympiad, USA 1st.

1933.08 US Open, Detroit, Fine 1st.

1933.09.30 Flesch, Janos, IGM (1980), born. Hungary. Blindfold player. IM 1963.

1933.10.07 Penrose, b. Colchester. 10-time Br ch (6 in a row). IM 1961. Psychologist.

1933.10.17 Berger, Johann died in Graz. Strong player, editor, and author. Elo: 2495

1933.10.21 Dijk, Nils born in Indonesia. IMComp 1961; IJComp 1966.

1933.10.22 Hochberg, Burt born in New York City.

1933.10.23 Scafarelli b. Italian IM 1957.

1933.10.25 Sherwin, American chess master, born. IM 1958.

1933.11.12 Ivkov, Yugoslav IGM, born. 1st World jr ch 1951. GM 1955. IM 1954.

1933.11.13 Gurgenidze, Bukhuti born in Surami, Georgia. IM 1966. GM 1970.

1933.11.28 Addison, William born in Baton Rouge, LA. IM 1967.

1934 American Chess Federation founded.

1934 First Soviet chess player to be awarded Honored Master of Sport - Romanovsky.

1934 Kolty plays 34 games blindfold (+24=10).

1934 Leonhardt died of a heart attack while playing a game of chess.

1934 Palestine Chess Federation founded.

1934 Pauly, Wolfgang died. Greatest problemist of Romania.

1934.01 Log Cabin Chess Club founded by E. Forry Laucks.

1934.01.12 Oswald, Don born in Ottawa, Kansas. Book dealer.

1934.01.24 Ghitescu, Romanian IGM, born, Bucharest. Romanian ch 1963. IM 1961; GM 1986.

1934.02.17 Tarrasch (b. 1862), German master, died, Munich.

1934.02.18 Chepizhny, Victor born in Dnepropetrovsk, Russia. IJComp 1965; IMComp 1969; GMComp 1989.

1934.02.24 Darga, Klaus born in Pankow, Germany. 2-time FRG ch. GM 1964. IM 1957.

1934.03.02 Kolarov b. Bulgarian IM 1957.

1934.03.15 Brady, Frank born in New York City. IA 1972. Wrote Profile of a Prodigy.

1934.03.19 Andersen, Borge born in Denmark. 4-time Danish ch (won in 1967, 1968). IM 1964.

1934.03.23 Bachtiar, Arovah born in Banjarmasin, Indonesia. IM 1977.

1934.04.01 Alekhine-Bogoljubov world championship, Germany.

1934.04.30 Bikhovsky, Anatoly born in Izhevsk, Russia. IM 1982.

1934.05.16 Boey, Jozef born in Anvers, Belgium. IM 1973; IMC 1974; GMC 1975. Belgium ch 1959, 1964, 1971.

1934.06.13 Engel, Klaus born in Berlin. IMC 1966; GMC 1983.

1934.06.14 Alekhine (+8=15-3) beats Bogoljubov, 15.5-10.5, Germany.

1934.06.27 Cafferty, Bernard born in Blackburn, England. Br corr ch 1960. FM 1984. BCM editor from 1981.

1934.07.05 Dely b. Hungarian ch 1970. IM 1962.

1934.07.20 Aarseth, Erling born in Norway. IMC 1981.

1934.08 US Open, Chicago, Reshevsky & Fine 1st.

1934.09.28 Fuchs, Reinhart born in Berlin. IM 1962.

1934.10.05 Blumenfeld, Rudy born in Bucharest. FM.

1934.10.11 Haygarth, Michael born in Leeds, England. Br ch 1964.

1934.10.18 Drimer, Dolfi born in Iasa, Romania. IM 1961; IA 1986.

1934.10.30 Hanken, Jerome born in Cincinnati.

1934.11.12 Stein, Leonid born. 3-time USSR ch. GM 1962.

1934.11.20 Polugaevsky born. 3-time USSR ch.

1935 1st corr. Olympiad. Hungary won; 17 teams.

1935 1st explanation of the Swiss system by Ranneforth in Schackalendar.

1935 CHESS founded by B. H. Wood in Sutton Coldfield.

1935 Flohr gets married.

1935 Keres wins Estonian ch at 19.

1935 Klovan b. USSR IM 1976.

1935 Pearl of Zandvoort games. 26th game between Euwe and Alekhine.

1935 STEVENSON; Agnes, wife of Stevenson, killed in Poland by propeller of plane.

1935 Sanakoyev, Grigory born. 12th World Corr. Chess Ch.

1935 Ufimtsev, Anatoly born. Developed the Pirc in 1934. Born Ufintsev, but secret police took his father away.

1935 Vladimirov, Yakov born. IGCC 1988.

1935.01.14 Yukhtman born.

1935.01.26 NIKOLIC; Stanimir Nikolic b. Yugoslav IM 1967.

1935.01.26 Olafsson, Fridrik, 1st Icelandic IGM (1958), born. IM 1956.

1935.02.05 Showalter d. in Lexington, Kentucky. 5-time US ch. Born 1860.

1935.03.04 Larsen born at Tilsed in Jutland.

1935.03.16 Nimzovich (b. 1886) died of pneumonia in Copenhagen.

1935.03.17 Panno, b. Buenos Aires. World jr ch 1953. GM 1955. IM 1954.

1935.03.23 Grigoriou, Miltiadis born in Athens, Greece. Greek IM 1975.

1935.03.29 Uhlmann b. Dresden. 8-time East German ch.

1935.05.23 Matanovic, Alexander b. GM 1955.

1935.05.28 Barasz, Zsigmond died in Budapest. Analysed the Budapest Defense. Elo: 2440

1935.06 Euwe-Alekhine is 1st world ch match to officially have seconds.

1935.06.10 Matulovic, b. Belgrade. 2-time Yugoslav ch. GM 1965.

1935.06.15 Zaitsev, Alexander, Soviet IGM (1967), born.

1935.07.24 Osnos b. IM 1965.

1935.07.30 Forintos, Gyozo, Hungarian IGM, born. IM 1963. GM 1974.

1935.08 US Open, Milwaukee, Fine 1st.

1935.08 Warsaw Olympiad, USA 1st.

1935.08.09 Holzhausen, Walther died in Magdeburg, Germany. Elo: 2410. Holzhausen Attack.

1935.09.08 Baumbach, Friedrich born in Weimer, Germany. E Ger ch 1970. IMC 1967; GMC 1973. 11th World Corr Ch. (1986-89)

1935.09.22 Eszik, Lajos born in Sweden. 1985 Swedish corr. ch.

1935.09.22 Rudensky b. World blind ch 1975.

1935.09.25 Purdy, John b Sydney. Him, Father and grandfather were Australian ch.

1935.10.03 Alekhine-Euwe match, Holland.

1935.10.16 Curtis, Donald born in Cardiff, Wales. 1959 Welsh ch.

1935.11.08 Bjelica, Dimitrije born in Vrbica, Yugoslavia.

1935.11.12 Ciric, Dragoljub, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1961. GM 1965.

1935.12.05 Bettmann, Henry died in Cincinnati. Chess problemist.

1935.12.08 Zatulovskaya born.

1935.12.15 Euwe defeats Alekhine, 15.5-14.5, to become world champion.

1935.12.20 Feuerstein, Arthur born.

1935.12.30 Aaron, Manuel born in Toungoo, Burma. 1st Indian IM. IM 1961. IA 1986.

1936 Ajeeb tours the USA playing checkers (operator is Jesse Hanson).

1936 Keeble wins Norfolk ch. He won in 1884 (52 yrs).

1936 Knezevic b. Yug GM 1976.

1936 Over 10,000 women players took part in the eliminating sections of the Russian Women's Chess Ch.

1936 Trades Union Championship of the USSR had 700,000 entries.

1936.01.14 Hume, George died in Nottingham, England. Problemist and collector.

1936.02.21 Barczay, Laszlo born in Miskolc, Hungary. IM 1966; GM 1967; IMC 1973; GMC 1979

1936.02.23 Farre-Mallofre, Miguel born in Barcelona. Spanish IM 1959.

1936.03.19 Gufeld, Eduard born in Kiev. IM 1964; GM 1967.

1936.03.26 Blake, Percy died in Warrington, England. Problemist.

1936.05.15 Traxler (b. 1866), Czech problemist, died.

1936.05.27 Garcia, Raimundo born in Argentina. IM 1964.

1936.07 1st U.S. Championship Tournament, New York, Reshevsky 1st.

1936.07.06 Braun, Leslie born.

1936.07.16 Schweber b. Argentinian IM 1961.

1936.07.19 Keller b. Swiss ch 1958,60,61,63. IM 1961.

1936.08 US Open, Philadelphia, Horowitz 1st.

1936.08.16 Bagirov, Vladimir born in Batumi, Georgia. IM 1963. GM 1978

1936.08.28 Botvinnik and Capablanca tie for 1st at Nottingham.

1936.10.03 Sergievsky b. IM 1966.

1936.10.22 Lyman, S. chess master and tv personality, born.

1936.10.27 Howell, Clarence died in New York City. Howell Attack.

1936.10.31 Knezevic, Milorad b. Yugoslav GM 1976.

1936.11.09 Tal b. Riga. 6-time USSR ch. World ch 1960-61. Died 1992.

1936.11.29 Malich, East German IGM, born. IM 1962. GM 1975. East German ch 1958.

1936.12.04 Cuchi, Jose born in Segovia, Spain. IA 1986.

1936.12.05 Johannsson b. Iceland IM 1963.

1936.12.27 Buljovcic, Ivan born in Subotica, Yugoslavia. IM 1974.

1937 1st notable chess portrayal on stage.

1937 Koltanowski played 34 opponents blindfolded, in Edinburgh (+24=10).

1937.01.03 Sydor born.

1937.01.30 Spassky b. Leningrad. World jr ch 1955. World ch 1969-72.

1937.02.07 Camara, Helder born in Fortaleza, Brazil. IM 1972.

1937.02.08 Gipslis, Aivars born in Riga. 8-time Latvian ch. IM 1963. GM 1967.

1937.03.05 Minic, Dragoljub b. Yugo HGM 1990.

1937.03.07 Langeweg b. Dutch IM 1962.

1937.03.07 Tringov, Bulgarian IGM, b. Plovdiv. 3-time Bulgarian ch. IM 1962. GM 1963.

1937.03.11 Vukcevich, Milan US IM and chess composer, born in Belgrade. Nominee for Nobel Prize.

1937.03.22 Mednis, Edmar born in Riga, USSR.

1937.03.23 Liberzon, Isreali IGM, born in the Soviet Union. IM 1963. GM 1965.

1937.04.04 Portisch, Hungarian IGM, born in Zalaegerszeg, Hungary.

1937.04.23 Andreeva, Olga born in Russia. WIM 1967.

1937.05.16 Saidy, Anthony born. IM 1969.

1937.06.15 1st ballet with a chess theme, 'checkmate.' Composed by A. Bliss.

1937.06.22 Bachmann, Ludwig died in Munich.

1937.07.04 Acevedo, Armando born in Mexico. FM

1937.07.14 Bloodgood, Claude born in La Paz, Mexico.

1937.08 Gilchrist, Mary plays for Scotland at the Stockhlom Olympiad.

1937.08 Stockholm Olympiad, USA 1st.

1937.08 US Open, Chicago, Polland 1st.

1937.08.01 Barnes, Barry born in Brighton, England. IJComp 1967; IMComp 1967.

1937.08.27 Axt, Helga born in Bad Ems, Germany. WIM 1961.

1937.09.14 den Ouden, A. born in the Netherlands. IMC 1971; GMC 1980.

1937.10.05 Euwe-Alekhine world ch match, Holland.

1937.10.06 Gliksman, Darko born in Slavonski Brod, Yugoslavia. IM 1970.

1937.10.17 Johannessen, S. b. Several times Norwegian ch. IM 1961.

1937.12.02 Bukic, Enver born in Banja Luka, Yugoslavia. IM 1964; GM 1976.

1937.12.04 Lombardy, William born in the bronx.

1937.12.16 Alekhine defeats Euwe to regain world ch.

1937.12.22 BCM incorporated as a limited company.

1937.12.25 Cardoso, Rodolfo born in Anda, Philippines. Philippine ch 1958, 1963. IM 1957. World Jr Ch 1957.

1937.12.25 Vaisman b. Romanian IM 1975.

1938 AVRO tournament in which the world's best 8 players competed.

1938 Bruce, Ronald lost to 2 world ch (Alekhine & Menchik) on the same day.

1938 Krylenko (b. 1885), leading soviet chess promoter, executed.

1938 Rudenko, GM for chess compositons, born.

1938 Samisch lost on time (45 moves/2.5 hrs) after 12 moves, Prague.

1938.01.14 Marovic, Yugoslav GM, born. IM 1965. GM 1975.

1938.01.17 Emma, Jaime born in Argentina. IM 1978.

1938.01.24 Lang, Edith (Bilek) born in Hungary. IWM 1965. Hungarian women's ch 1958, 1963.

1938.02.02 Altrichter, Ulrich born in Austria. IMC 1982.

1938.02.05 Gerusel, Mathias born in Elbing, Poland. IM 1968.

1938.02.22 Ostojic, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1968. GM 1975.

1938.02.27 Andersen, Eric died in Copenhagen. Won Danish ch 12 times. Elo: 2480

1938.03.06 Kuprejanov b. Canadian IM 1972.

1938.03.23 Tatai b. Rome. 9-time Italian ch. IM 1966.

1938.04.02 Vizantiades b. Greek IM 1968.

1938.04.19 Erdeus, Gheorghe-Aurel born in Satu-Mare, Romania. IM 1986; IA 1986.

1938.04.25 Hickey, Lisa (ne Lane) born in Philadelphia. WIM 1959.

1938.05.13 Filipowicz b. Polish IM 1975.

1938.05.13 Filipowicz, Andrzej born in Warsaw. Polish IM 1975.

1938.05.27 Zaitsev, Igor born in Ramenskoe, USSR. Moscow ch 1969. GM 1976.

1938.06.17 Karasev b. USSR IM 1976.

1938.07 US Championship, New York, Reshevsky 1st.

1938.07.24 Cabarkapa, Milenko born in Krupice, Yugoslavia. Blind world ch 1966-1970. IM 1986.

1938.08 US Open, Boston, Horowitz & Kashdan 1st.

1938.08.10 Miagmasuren b. Mongolian IM 1966.

1938.10.05 Kovacs b. Hungarian IM 1965.

1938.10.12 Durao, Joaquim born in Lisbon. Portugal IM 1975.

1938.11.10 Grigoriev, Nikolay died in Moscow. Elo: 2440. Moscow ch 1921, 1922, 1923-4, 1929. Endgame analyst. Died after an operation for appendicitis.

1938.11.27 Fine and Keres tie for first in AVRO. Strongest event to date.

1938.11.27 Fine and Keres tie for first in AVRO. Strongest event to date.

1939 1st rating system, used by the CCLA.

1939 Last (21st) edition of Staunton's CHESS PLAYER'S HANDBOOK published.

1939 QUEVEDO; Leonardo Torres y Quevedo d. Created Ajedrecista, a chess automaton.

1939 SAUNDERS; Elaine Saunders wins Br women's ch at age 13.

1939. Cox, Thomas died in Irlenad. Irish ch in 1937, 1938.

1939 Weldon, Charles born.

1939.01.07 Radulov, Bulgarian IGM, born. 4-time Bulgarian ch. IM 1968. GM 1972.

1939.01.13 Adamski, Andrzej born in Warsaw. IM 1980.

1939.01.29 Hecht, Hans born in Luckenwalde, Germany. IM 1969; GM 1973; IMC 1980.

1939.03.01 Dubeck, Leroy born in Orange, NJ. USCF President 1969.

1939.03.12 Bednarski, Boguslaw born in Myslenice, Poland. IM 1964. Polish ch 1963.

1939.05.28 Fahrni, Hans died in Ostermundingen, Switzerland. Elo: 2480. 1st to play 100 simultaneously, 1911.

1939.06.01 Atkinson, Walter died in St. Leonards-on-Sea, England. Introduced the Atkinson variation.

1939.07.17 Bone, Eric born in Lebanon, Ohio.

1939.07.24 Abdurahmanovic, Fadil born in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. IJComp 1972; IMComp 1980.

1939.07.26 Godes, Devis born in Russia. IMC 1983; GMC 1984.

1939.08 Buenos Aires Olympiad, Germany 1st.

1939.08 US Open, New York, Fine 1st.

1939.08.27 Uitumen b. Mongolian IM 1965.

1939.09.04 PORTISCH; Ferenc Portish b. Hungarian IM 1975.

1939.09.26 Blathy, Otto died in Budapest. Created longest problem, 290 moves.

1939.10.04 Collijn, Ludvig died in Stockholm. Chess patron. President of the Swedish Chess Ass. from 1917 to 1939.

1939.11.01 Bukal, Vladimir born in Zagreb. IM 1977.

1939.12.12 Kestler b. W German IM 1976.

1939.12.27 American Chess Federation & National Chess Federation form USCF.

1939.12.27 Sturgis of boston elected USCF (dues $1).

1940 Beasley, John born in England. Problemist and computer consultant.

1940 CORR; 1st USSR corr. chess ch.

1940 Last issue of LA STRATEGIE.

1940 Przepiorka, Dawid died. Polish player. Died in a concentration camp.

1940 RIVERO; Adele Rivero wins US women's championship.

1940 Stahlberg played 400 opponents on a replacement basis in Buenos Aires. +379 in 36 hours.

1940.01.01 Ahlers, Klaus born in Ahrensburg, Germany. West German Corr. Ch 1980.

1940.02.08 Kogan, Boris born. Died in 1993.

1940.03.06 Hamilton, Charles died in St. Louis.

1940.03.22 Deze, Anton born in Beocin, Yugoslavia. Yugoslav IM 1976.

1940.04.09 Barry died.

1940.04.09 Barry, John died in West Roxbury, MA.

1940.05 Reshevsky wins US Ch.

1940.05.05 Bielecki, Carlos born in Argentina. World jr ch 1959. IM 1959.

1940.06 ADAMS, Weaver; "White to play and win" by weaver adams is published.

1940.06.02 Csom, Istvan born in Satoraljaujhely, Hungary. IM 1967; GM 1973. Hungarian ch 1972, 1973.

1940.06.07 Belavenets, Ludmilla born in Moscow. WIM 1977; WIMC 1979; IMC 1979. Russian Women's ch 1975.

1940.07 US Ch, New York, Reshevsky 1st (3rd consecutive time).

1940.07.13 Aldret, Jorge born in Mexico City. FM.

1940.08 US Open, Dallas, Reuben Fine 1st (27 players).

1940.08.02 Hollis, Adrian born in Bristol. Br cr ch 1966,67,71. IMC 1970; GMC 1976.

1940.08.08 Sahovic, Yugoslav GM (1978) born. IM 1976.

1940.08.15 Cuartas, Carlos born in Columbia. IM 1975.

1940.09 National Chess Centre burnt down in London after an air raid. Had 700 members.

1940.09.11 Fyfe, Peter died in Glasgow, Scotland. Fyfe gambit.

1940.09.26 Savon born. IM 1967. GM 1973. USSR ch 1972.

1940.09.29 Frenkel, Vera born.

1940.10 Bondarevsky and Lilienthal tie for 1st at Moscow in USSR Ch.

1940.10.08 Hamann, Svend born in Copenhagen. IM 1965.

1940.11 USCF postal play began.

1940.11.10 Todorcevic, Miodrag b. Yug GM 1989,

1940.12.28 Ault, Leslie born in Elizabeth, NJ.

1941 1st USCF Open postal tourney won by Louis Persinger.

1941 Fine publishes "Basic Chess Endings."

1941 Karff defeats Rivero to win US women's championship.

1941 Marshall authors "my fifty years of chess."

1941 Perkonoja, Pauli born. First International Solving GM, 1982.

1941 Rauzer (b. 1908) died.

1941 Reshevsky defeats Horowitz to retain his US Championship.

1941.01 Botvinnik wins "Absolute Championship" of the USSR.

1941.01.11 LASKER; Emanuel Lasker (b. 1868) died in Manhattan.

1941.01.13 Avner, Uri born in Petach Tikva, Israel. IJComp 1979; International Solving Master (ISM) 1982

1941.01.14 Quinones b. Peru IM 1963.

1941.02.27 Kuijpers b. Dutch ch 1963. IM 1964.

1941.03.27 Bokhosian, Sarkis born in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. IM 1978.

1941.04.25 Apsenieks, Fricis died in Riga, Latvia. Elo: 2430. Latvian ch 1926-7, 1934

1941.05.03 Gaprindashvili, Nona born in Zugdidi, Georgia. WIM 1961; IM 1962; WGM 1976; IGM 1978. Women's World Ch 1962-78.

1941.06 Hitler attacks Russia; ends preliminaries of the 13th National Ch.

1941.06.16 Oim b. in Estonia. Won 9th world corr. ch.

1941.07.13 Raud d. Buenos Aires of starvation. 2 time Estonian ch.

1941.08 US Open, St Louis, Fine 1st.

1941.08.02 Murey, Yaacov b. GM 1987.

1941.08.11 Kushnir Stein, Soviet woman master, born. Women's final in 1965,69,72.

1941.08.27 Hall, John died in Bradford, England. Hall var.

1941.08.29 Stahlberg played 400 games simultaneously in Buenos Aires; 364 wins, 14 draws, 22 losses. (40 at a time, then new opponent)

1941.09.03 Ilyin-Genevsky d. Novaya Ladoga. 3-time Leningrad ch.

1941.09.06 Remlinger, Larry born.

1941.09.10 Balinas, Rosendo born in Manila. IM 1975; GM 1976.

1941.09.27 Corzo y Principe, Juan died in Havana. Cuban ch 1902.

1941.10.03 Hamilton-Russell, Frederick died in Cleobury North, England. President of BCF.

1941.10.03 Palciauskas, world correspondence champion, born. Professor of geophysics.

1941.10.26 Zaltsman, Vitaly born.

1941.12.23 Ault, Robin born in Elizabeth, NJ.

1941.12.30 Parma b. Ljubljana. World jr ch 1961. GM 1963. IM 1961.

1942 1st British Corr. ch held. Won by R. Bonham (blind).

1942 1st use of swiss pairing, in U.s. at Texas championship.

1942 1st U.S. Speed Championship; won by Fine.

1942 Barulin, Mikhail died in Russia. Fostered chess problems in Russia.

1942 CHESS REVIEW price: 30 cents; yearly subscription $3.

1942 Karff wins US Women's championship.

1942 Pomar wins ch of Balearic Islands at age 11.

1942 Rabinovich, Ilya died from malnutrition during the siege of Leningrad.

1942 Rajkovic, Yugoslav IGM (1977), born.

1942 Ryumin, Nikolai died. Beat Capablanca, Euwe, and Stahlberg.

1942.01.03 Dunne, Alex born.

1942.01.29 Brinck-Claussen, Bjorn born in Copenhagen. IM 1986.

1942.02.02 Richardson, English corres. igm, born. 1st British GM, 1975, for corr.

1942.02.17 Shipley born.

1942.02.23 Blumich, Reinhold Max died in Falkenberg, Germany. Blumich variation

1942.03.07 Belavenets, Sergey died in Novgorod, Russia. Killed in action. Moscow ch 1932, 1937, 1938.

1942.03.08 Capablanca died at the Manhattan Chess Club. World chess champion 1921-1927. Elo: 2725.

1942.03.26 Kovacevic, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1976.

1942.03.27 Alterman, Vladimir born in Russia. GM 1992.

1942.04.01 Vukic, Yugoslav IGM, born. Yug ch 1974. IM 1967. GM 1975.

1942.04.18 Kubbel d. in the siege of Leningrad. Problem composer.

1942.04.19 Valvo, Michael, US IM, born.

1942.04.25 Albertson, Bruce born.

1942.05.06 Formanek, Edward born in Chicago. IM 1977.

1942.05.07 Giam, Choo Kwee born in Singapore. Singapore IM 1976; IA 1983.

1942.05.12 Velimirovic, Dragoljub, Yugoslav IGM, born.

1942.05.18 Augustin, Josef born in Kyjov, Czechoslovakia. IM 1976

1942.06.05 Abonyi, Istvan died in Budapest, Hungary. Hungarian master.

1942.06.17 Rajkovic b. Krusevac. GM 1977. Yugoslav ch 1983. IM 1974.

1942.07 US CH, New York, Reshevsky & Kashdan 1st; Resevsky wins playoff.

1942.08 Troitzky, founder of modern study composition, died of starvation in Leningrad.

1942.08 US Open, Dallas, Steiner & Yanofsky 1st. Directed by C.J. Thompson.

1942.08.20 Spielmann (b. 1883), Austrian master, died in Sweden.

1942.11.11 Goichberg, William born in New York City. FM 1983. Chess organizer.

1942.11.27 Jansa, Czech IGM, born. IM 1965. GM 1974.

1943 Tseitlin, Mark born. IM 1978.

1943 US Amateur ch - won by A. Mengarini.

1943 Wolf, Heinrich, Austrian master, died by the Nazis.

1943.02.25 Hoffman, Asa born.

1943.03.09 Fischer, Robert born in Chicago. IM 1957; GM 1958. World Ch 1972-75.

1943.03.22 Spassov, Liuben b. Bulg GM 1976.

1943.03.27 Gulbrandsen, Arne born in Moss, Norway. IM 1981.

1943.03.28 Behting (Betins), Karl died in Riga, Latvia. Behting variation.

1943.03.31 Zuckerman, Bernard born.

1943.04.10 SCHMIDT; Wlodimierz Schmidt b. Poznan. 4-time Polish ch. GM 1976. IM 1968.

1943.04.14 Nemet b. Sombor. Yugoslav ch 1979. GM 1978. IM 1976.

1943.04.19 Toth b. Italian IM 1974.

1943.05.15 Campos-Lopez, Mario born in Mexico. IM 1975.

1943.05.18 Sosonko b. Troitsk. 2-time Dutch ch. GM 1976. IM 1974.

1943.07.04 Rodrigues-Vargas, Peruvian IGM (1978) born.

1943.08 US Open, Syracuse, Horowitz 1st.

1943.08.02 Subramanian, S born.

1943.08.06 Pfleger b. Teplice-Sanor. West German ch 1965. GM 1975. IM 1965. Dr of psychology.

1943.08.09 Kavalek born in Prague. IM 1965. GM 1965.

1943.09.26 Gutierrez, Jose born in Columbia. IM 1972.

1943.10.04 Camaratta b. Top corr. player.

1943.10.17 Cunningham, Walter born in Los Angeles.

1943.10.22 Calvo-Minguez, Ricardo born in Alicante, Spain. IM 1973.

1943.10.31 Blagojevic, Katarina (ne Jovanovic) born in Belgrade. WIM 1964; WGM 1986.

1943.11.11 Adamski, Jan born in Warsaw, Poland. IM 1976.

1943.11.18 Bwee, Touw Hian born in Pekalongan, Java. IJComp 1977; IMComp 1977; GMComp 1984

1943.11.21 Lee b. Br ch 1965.

1943.12.01 Enklaar, Bertus born in Amsterdam. IM 1973.

1944 STEINER; Endre Steiner, Hungarian player, died.

1944 WAGNER; Elbert Wagner elected USCF President.

1944.01.11 Botvinnik retains his title as Absolute Chess Ch of the USSR.

1944.01.12 Hort, Vlastimil born in Kladno, Czechoslovakia. IM 1962; GM 1965.

1944.02.03 Hodges, Albert Beauregard died in Staten Island at age 82. Operated Ajeeb. Won US ch 1894. Elo: 2450

1944.02.26 Averkin, Orest born in Russia. IM 1976.

1944.03.27 Hess, Ralf born in Luxemburg. IM 1980.

1944.04.06 Acers, Jude, American master, born in Long Beach.

1944.04.06 Gheorghiu, 1st Romanian to get IGM, born. IM 1963. GM 1965. World Junior ch 1963. Romanian ch 8 times.

1944.04.12 Grau, Roberto died in Buenos Aires. Former South American champion and several time Argentina ch.

1944.04.18 Planinc, Yugoslav IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1972.

1944.04.27 Westerinen, Finland IGM, born. Finnish ch 1965,66,68. IM 1967. GM 1975.

1944.05.05 Dzindzihashvili, Roman born in Tbilisi. IM 1970; GM 1977. US co-champ 1983.

1944.05.07 Denker wins US Ch, New York. (15.5-1.5). Won 9 straight games

1944.05.07 Gresser wins US women's championship.

1944.05.21 USSR Chess ch (13th) (National Chess Ch) begins in Moscow.

1944.05.26 Kristol b. Leningrad. World women's ch 1984.

1944.06.13 Lengyel, Levente b. Hungarian GM 1964.

1944.06.21 Botvinnik wins 13th National USSR Chess Championship, Moscow.

1944.06.26 MENCHIK; Vera Menchik-Stevenson (b. 1906) died in Kent from a bombing raid.

1944.06.26 Menchik, O. d. in a bombing raid. World challenger in 1935, 1937.

1944.07.01 Komljenovic, Davorin b.

1944.07.04 Garcia-Martinez, Silvino born in Havana. IM 1969. GM 1975.

1944.08.10 McCord, Dr. J.B. went 0 for 17 in the US Open.

1944.08.10 Reshevsky 1st at 45th US Open, Boston.

1944.09.05 Sloth b. Sjorring. European jr ch 1963-4. World corr ch 1980.

1944.09.25 Tseshkovsky, Vitaly born. IM 1973. GM 1975.

1944.10.25 Bang, Erik born in Horsens, Denmark. IMC 1974; GMC 1979.

1944.11 Jackson, E.S. wins the third U.S Amateur title in New York.

1944.11.09 Marshall (b. 1877), American master, died in Jersey City.

1944.11.15 Ree born.

1944.12.20 Sturgis, George died in Boston. President of USCF.

1944.12.31 Meyer, John born.

1945 1st annual USCF golden knights postal championship; won by Rehberg.

1945 Canadian Chess Federation changes name to Chess Federation of Canada.

1945 PETROV; Vladimir Petrov died in prison camp. Born 1907. Latvian ch 1934,35,37.

1945.01 Gresser, Gisela plays 32 players simultaneously. Won 26, drew 2, lost 4. Record simul for a female.

1945.02.06 Cebalo, Miso born in Zagreb. IM 1978; GM 1985.

1945.02.18 Plachetka, Czech GM, born.

1945.03.14 Levy b. London. Scottish ch 1968, 1975.

1945.03.21 Martz born in Detroit. IM 1975.

1945.04.09 Tealsen born.

1945.04.16 Antunac, Goran born in Bari, Italy. Yugoslav IM 1975.

1945.04.17 Junge died, a German army officer killed in action.

1945.04.17 LASKER; Emanuel Lasker wins New York international.

1945.05.15 Pytel b. Polish IM 1975.

1945.05.25 Gesos, Pavlos born in Aetomilitsa, Greece. IM 1980.

1945.06.01 USSR Ch began (14th) in Moscow.

1945.06.28 Nicevski b. Yugoslav IM 1975.

1945.07.02 Botvinnik wins 14th USSR Ch in Moscow.

1945.07.21 Santasiere wins 46th US Open, Peoria, IL. 33 players.

1945.07.25 Martinovic b. Yugoslav IM 1976.

1945.08.21 Alburt, Lev born in Orenburg, Russia. IM 1976; GM 1977. US Ch 1984, 1985.

1945.08.31 Balla, Zoltan died in Budapest. Elo: 2450

1945.09.01 1st Inter. sport of any kind after the war, usa-ussr radio match. USSR won 15.5 - 4.5.

1945.09.02 V-J Day. World War II ends.

1945.09.04 Fine plays 4 experts blindfolded, rapid transit, winning all 4.

1945.09.11 Kirov-Ivanov, Bulgarian IGM, born. IM 1972. GM 1975. Bulgarian ch 1973.

1945.09.15 Petran b. Hungarian IM 1976.

1945.09.26 Gutman, Lev born in Riga, Latvia. IM 1980; GM 1986.

1945.10.10 Razuvayev, Soviet IGM, born. IM 1973. GM 1976.

1945.10.14 Baczynskyj, Boris born in Vienna. FM 1982.

1945.11 Ellis, Paul win US Amateur Ch in NY.

1945.12.21 Suttles born. IM 1967. GM 1973.

1945.12.29 1st National Individual Intercollegiate Tournament, NY.

1946 1st time the USSR joined FIDE.

1946 International Corr Chess Fed created by FIDE.

1946 Karff wins US women's championship.

1946.01.09 Hastings 1945/46.

1946.01.09 Salman, Nachum born.

1946.01.19 Kuzmin, Soviet IGM, born. GM 1973.

1946.02.27 Andersson, Goran born in Alvesta, Sweden. IMC 1979.

1946.02.28 Cvetkovic, Srdjan born in Sremska Mitrovica, Yugoslavia. IM 1980.

1946.03.15 Tukmakov born.

1946.03.16 Basman, Michael born in London. IM 1980.

1946.03.21 Gandev, Peter born in Sliven, Bulgaria. IMComp 1988. Leading composer of fairy problems.

1946.03.22 Smejkal, Czech player, born. IM 1970. GM 1972.

1946.03.24 Alekhine, Alexander died of a heart attack in Estoril, Portugal.

1946.04.01 Farago, Ivan born in Budapest. IM 1974; GM 1976. Hungarian ch 1986.

1946.04.03 Aeschlimann, Beat born in Switzerland. IA 1981.

1946.04.06 Holzl, Franz born in Kufstein, Austria. IM 1985.

1946.04.18 Rashkovsky, Naum born. IGM 1980.

1946.05.13 Locock d. Born in 1862. Br chess problem composer.

1946.06.02 Bronstein, Luis born in Cordoba, Argentina. IM 1978.

1946.07.19 Goumondy, Claude born in Belmont, France. IMComp 1979; GMComp 1984; IJComp 1984.

1946.08 US Open, Pittsburgh, Steiner 1st. 58 entries. 1st Swiss system for the US Open.

1946.08.07 Strauss, David born.

1946.08.10 Mariotti, Italian GM, born in Florence. IM 1969. 1st Italian GM 1974. Italian ch 1969, 1971.

1946.08.13 Groningen 1946 begins with 20 players.

1946.08.20 Zavanelli, Max born in Ohio. Corr player.

1946.08.24 Ivanovic b. Yugoslav IM 1976.

1946.08.25 Kelling, F.K. died in New Zealand. Grand old man of New Zealand chess.

1946.09.01 1st USCF official publication, CHESS LIFE.

1946.09.07 Botvinnik wins 1st major international tourney after WW2, Groningen.

1946.09.17 USSR vs USA return match ends in Moscow. USSR wins

1946.11 1st Central American Championship, held in Guatemala. Nicaragua won.

1946.11.05 Cetkovic, Miodrag born in Vladican-Han, Yugoslavia. IM 1983.

1946.11.12 Erenska-Radzewska, Hanna born in Poznan, Poland. WIM 1973; WGM 1981.

1946.11.12 Radzewska born.

1946.11.17 US Ch (6th), New York, Reshevsky 1st. Played on the 50th floor of the Chanin Bldg. 20 entries.

1946.11.20 Butnorius, Algimantas born in Russia. IM 1983.

1946.12.19 Shahade, Michael born.

1946.12.30 Amos, Bruce born in Toronto. IM 1969.

1947 1st computer program for chess specified by A. Turing.

1947 1st national event to use the swiss system, the US Open.

1947 1st national championship of the Republic of the Philippines was won by Horacio Tagle.

1947 1st Peru national championship; won by J. Perez.

1947 1st postage stamp depicting chess issued in Bulgaria.

1947 1st Idaho state championship, won by C.H. Stewart of Boise.

1947 Gilchrist, Mary died in Scotland. British lady ch in 1920 and 1934.

1947 Nesis, Gennady born. ICCG 1985.

1947 O'Sullivan scored 1 draw and 12 losses at Hilversum Zonal.

1947 Robinson, Sir Robert wins 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Pres. of the Royal Society and chessplayer.

1947 Russell, Hanon born.

1947 Alden, Charles born. 1966 US Jr Ch.

1947.01 Alexander, C.H.O'D wins Hastings 1946/47 with 7.5 - 1.5 score.

1947.01 Najdorf plays 45 opponents blindfold (+39=4-2) in 23.5 hours.

1947.01.08 Ivanov, Igor born.

1947.02.09 Gulko, Boris born in Erfurt, Germany. IM 1975. GM 1976. Moscow ch 1974.

1947.02.24 Devenney, Raymond born in Coleraine, Ulster. Ireland co-champ 1977.

1947.03 Belson, John Harold died. Canadian chess champion in 1934.

1947.03 Keres wins 15th USSR Championship in Leningrad (14-5 score).

1947.03 Najdorf wins Mar del Plata tournament.

1947.03.05 Blumenfeld, Boris died in Moscow. Russian chess theortician. Elo: 2390

1947.03.13 Belson, John died in Toronto (age 41). Canadian champion in 1934, 1946.

1947.03.24 Hartoch, Robert b. Amsterdam. European jr ch 1963-64. IM 1971.

1947.04.14 Karlins, Andrew born.

1947.05.20 Kaidor b. Israeli IM 1975.

1947.05.25 Lederman born in USSR. IM 1976. Lives in Israel.

1947.05.28 Soltis, Andrew born in Hazleton, Pennsylvania.

1947.06 Kevitz, Alexander won the Manhattan CC Ch, 6.5 - 1.5.

1947.06.01 Suba, Romanian IGM (1978), born. IM 1975. GM 1978.

1947.06.03 Banas, Jan born in Nitra, Czechoslovakia. IM 1979.

1947.06.16 Tseitlin, Mikhail b. GM 1988.

1947.06.16 Narraway, James died in Canada (age 90). Canadian ch 1893, 1897, 1898.

1947.06.29 Yanofsky wins Canadian Championship held in Quebec.

1947.07.01 1st tourney for World Corr. Chess Ch began; 78 players. Purdy won.

1947.07.04 Radashkovich b. IM 1976. Israeli.

1947.07.27 Grunberg, Sergiu-Henric born in Bucharest. IM 1985.

1947.07.31 O'Kelly wins 1st European Zonal tournament at Hilversum.

1947.08 Turco, Marquis Stefani Rosselli del died in Italy. Founder of the Italian Chess Fed.

1947.08.01 Post, E. died in Berlin (age 65). President of the German Chess Fed.

1947.08.03 Fernandez, Ciro born in Cuba. IM 1975.

1947.08.05 Debarnot, Roberto born in Argentina. IM 1977.

1947.08.14 Yoffie, Marc born.

1947.08.22 Golombek and Broadbent tie in the 1947 British Ch.

1947.08.23 Kashdan wins 48th US Open (11.5 - 1.5), Corpus Christi. (86 players are a record)

1947.08.12 Hartston, William born. IM 1973. Br ch 1973,75.

1947.09.06 Grefe, John born in Hoboken, NJ. IM 1975. US co-champ 1973.

1947.09.07 Grigorian, Karen born in Erevan, Armenia. IM 1982.

1947.09.08 Bleiman, Yacov born in Vilnius, Lithuania. IM 1971.

1947.09.25 Borik, Otto born in Prague. IM 1982.

1947.09.25 Sigurjonsson, Icelandic IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1975.

1947.10.02 Krnic b. Yugoslav IM 1976.

1947.10.04 Fatalibekova, Elena (ne Rubtsova) born in Moscow. WIM 1970; WGM 1977.

1947.10.06 Bazlov, Yuri born in Slavianka, Russia. Winner of the 15th USSR study-composing ch (1979-80)

1947.10.14 Suradiradja, Herman b. Indonesia GM 1977.

1947.10.16 Estevez-Morales, Guillermo born in Menesses, Cuba. IM 1972.

1947.10.29 Foigel, Igor born in Russia. IM 1982.

1947.11.09 Georgadze, Tamaz born in Tbilisi, Georgia. IM 1975; GM 1977.

1947.11.15 Kurajica, Yugoslav IGM, born. Won World Jr Ch 1965. GM 1973.

1947.11.17 Crown, Gordon dies at age 18 in Liverpool after an operation for appendicitis.

1947.11.25 Lechtynsky, Jiri b. Czech GM 1982.

1947.11.29 Hennig, Heinrich died in Kiel, Germany. Hennig-Schara Gambit. Admiral.

1947.12.09 Dvoretsky, Mark born in Moscow. IM 1975. Leading Russian chess trainer.

1947.12.09 Hartston-Miles-Bellin, Jana (ne Malypetrova) born in Prague. WIM 1969; WGM 1982.

1947.12.09 MILES; Jana Malypetrova Hartston Miles b. Prague. 8-time Br women's ch.

1947.12.18 Basagic, Zlatko born in Derventa, Yugoslavia. IM 1986.

1947.12.28 Quinteros, Argentine IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1973.

1948 1st British Girls Ch won by A. Pocknell.

1948 1st Russian woman to achieve a master's rating - Elizabeth Bykova.

1948 Evans (age 16) captures Marshall Club Ch.

1948 Markwick, F.W. died (age 85) while playing chess at Leigh-on-Sea. Chess correspondent for 44 years.

1948 Mukhin b. IM 1975. Died in 1977

1948.01 Szabo, Laszlo won Hastings 1947-48 (7.5 - 1.5).

1948.01 FINE; "Practical Chess Openings" by Fine published.

1948.01.14 Atanasov Petkov, Petko born in Bulgaria. IM 1983

1948.01.27 Vadasz, Laszlo b. Hungarian IM 1975. GM 1976.

1948.01.29 Keene born. IM 1972. 2nd British GM 1976. Br ch 1971.

1948.02.14 Govedarica, Radovan born in Vrbas, Yugoslavia. IM 1980.

1948.03.02 World championship match-tournament begins, The Hague.

1948.03.03 Despotovic, Momcilo born in Belgrade. IM 1978; IMC 1982.

1948.03.14 Bjelajac, Milan born in Skopje. IM 1982.

1948.03.16 Lemachko born.

1948.04.24 Hase, Juan born in Argentina. IM 1982.

1948.05.05 Honlinger met 213 opponents; won 187, drew 13, lost 13 in 12.5 hours without a break.

1948.05.06 Harding, Timothy born in England. Author.

1948.05.17 Botvinnik wins at The Hague/Moscow to become world champion. Wins $5,000.

1948.06.09 Simic, Radoslav b. Yug GM 1984.

1948.08.31 Steiner, Herman wins 7th US Ch in South Fallsburg, NY.

1948.08.31 Gresser and Karff become US women's co-champions.

1948.07.16 Boersma, Paulus born in Leewarden, Netherlands. IM 1986.

1948.07.17 Adams, Weaver wins 49th US Open, Baltimore.

1948.07.24 Bisguier wins US Jr Championship held at Oak Ridge, TN.

1948.08.11 FIDE General Meeting (19th) starts at Saltsjobaden, Sweden.

1948.08.15 Bronstein wins 1st interzonal at Saltjobaden. Survived an assassin. 1st place was $550.

1948.08.25 Braun, Marilyn (Koput, Simmons) born in Milwaukee. WIM 1972.

1948.08.29 Crittenden, Kit wins NC state ch at age 13, nation's youngest state ch.

1948.09 Price, Edith wins Br Women's ch in London at age 76. Oldest champ ever.

1948.09.30 Djukic, Zeljko born in Glamoc, Yugoslavia. IM 1986.

1948.11.06 Hubner, Robert born in Cologne. IM 1969; GM 1971.

1948.11.20 1st Soviet stamp issued to mark the world chess championship match.

1948.12.02 Angantysson, Haukur born in Flateyri, Iceland. IM 1981.

1948.12.14 Bronstein and Kotov tie in the 16th USSR Ch, Moscow.

1949 1st Northern California - Southerna California annual match.

1949 1st USSR correspondence chess championship tournament.

1949 Evans wins Marshall Club Ch.

1949 Fine wins New York International.

1949 ICCF; International Cr. Chess Fed (ICCF) replaces International Chess Assn.

1949 Israeli Chess Federation founded.

1949 Rueb, President of FIDE for 25 years, retired. Rogard becomes FIDE President.

1949 SILENT; Formation of International Committee on Silent Chess (Copenhaen).

1949 Shannon presents a paper on programming a computer for chess.

1949 Tranmer, E. scored a perfect 11-0 score in the British Ladies' Ch.

1949.01.05 Espig, Lutz born in Greiz, Germany. IM 1972; GM 1983.

1949.01.08 Botterill, George born in Yorkshire, England. Br ch 1974. IM 1978.

1949.01.08 Rossolimo wins Hastings 1948/49.

1949.01.10 Browne, Walter born in Sydney, Australia. IM 1969; GM 1970. US Ch 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1983.

1949.02.01 Day, Lawrence born in Kitchener, Ontario. IM 1972.

1949.03.05 Vaiser, Anatoly b. Alma Alta. GM 1985.

1949.03.12 Balashov, Yuri born in Shadrinsk, Russia. IM 1970; GM 1973.

1949.04.10 Didishko, Vereslov born in Minsk. IM 1982

1949.04.27 Timoshenko born. IM 1976.

1949.05.02 Raicevic b. IM 1975. GM 1976. Yugoslavia.

1949.05.21 Ghizdavu, Dumitru born in Bucharest. IM 1972.

1949.07 1st FIDE Grandmaster list. 17 GMs. (CHESS 7/49,213; 10/49,14)

1949.07.03 Kupreichik born.

1949.07.22 Markzon, Gregory born.

1949.07.25 Ghinda, Mihai-Viorel born in Bucharest. IM 1977.

1949.08 US Open, Omaha, Alburt Sandrin 1st (half blind).

1949.08.08 Opening day of the 1st British Ch run as a Swiss, at Felixstowe.

1949.08.28 O'Connell, Kevin b. British writer.

1949.09 Golombek wins British Ch. 1st British Ch to use the Swiss system.

1949.09 Mackenzie, A.J. died in Hastings. 3-time Scottish Ch.

1949.09.14 Zlotnikov, Mikhail born.

1949.09.29 Ermenkov, Evgeny born in Sofia. 5-time Bulgarian ch. IM 1974; GM 1977.

1949.10.13 Alexandria, Nana born in Poti, Georgia. 3-time USSR women's ch. WIM 1966; WGM 1976

1949.11.10 Antonov Nikolov, Vladimir born in Pernik, Bulgaria. IM 1980.

1949.11.20 Bronstein and Smyslov tie in 17th USSR Ch.

1949.11.23 Hernandez, Roman born in Santiago, Cuba. IM 1975; GM 1978. Cuban ch 1981-82. IM 1975.

1949.12.05 Koltanowski played 257 games in 12 hours in San Francisco. Played 37 at a time.

1950 BONHAM; International Braille Assn founded by R. Bonham.

1950 CORR; 1st individual world correspondence championship began.

1950 ICCF; The International Correspondence Chess Federation formed.

1950 KAPLAN; Julio Kaplan born.

1950 LONG GAME; Pilnik-Czerniak, 191 move draw, 23 hours. Mar del Plata.

1950 Najdorf played 250 games simultaneously, won 226, drew 14, lost 10.

1950 PHILLIPS; Harold Phillips elected USCF president.

1950.01 Szabo wins Hastings 1949/50.

1950.01.12 Rowley, Robert born.

1950.01.15 Boehm, Hans born in the Netherlands. Dutch IM 1975.

1950.01.18 Rudenko, Liudmila wins Women's World Ch, Moscow. 16 players. 11.5-6.5 score.

1950.02.11 SVESHNIKOV; Evgeny Sveshnikov b. Cheliabinsk. GM 1977.

1950.02.23 Budinszky, Maria (nee Ivanka) born in Budapset. WIM 1968.

1950.02.25 Frey, Kenneth born in Neuilly, France. IM 1975.

1950.02.28 LERNER; Konstantin Lerner b. Odessa. GM 1986.

1950.03.24 Babula, Milan born in Uhersky Brod, Czechoslovakia. FM 1981; IM 1983.

1950.03.26 Palatnik, Semen b. GM 1978.

1950.03.31 Adorjan, Andras born in Budapest. IM 1970; GM 1973. Born Jocha.

1950.04.16 Bouaziz, Slim born in Tunisia. IM 1975.

1950.04.23 RANTANEN; Yrjo Rantanen b. Tampere. 2-time Finnish ch. GM 1981.

1950.05.01 Bronstein, Boleslavsky win 1st candidates tournament, Budapest, (won $5,000)

1950.05.01 CORR; Start of 1st corr. world ch finals. Won by Purdy.

1950.05.08 Bellon-Lopez, Juan born in Valencia, Spain. 5-time Spanish ch. GM 1979. IM 1974.

1950.06.18 Borm, Franciscus born in Roosendaal, Netherlands. IM 1986.

1950.07 FIDE met in Copenhagen. 27 GMs. (CHESS 8/1950, 208)

1950.07.05 Diaz, Joaquin Carlos born in Pinar del Rio, Cuba. Cuban IM 1975.

1950.07.09 LUKACS; Peter Lukacs b. Hungarian IM 1976.

1950.07.22 Chevaldonnet, Francois born in Reims, France. IM 1985.

1950.07.22 US Open, Detroit, Bisguier 1st. (120 players). Score was 9-3.

1950.07.31 CANDIDATES; Start of 1st Candidates playoff, Bronstein-Boleslavsky, Moscow.

1950.08 SILANS; C. Chaude de Silans is 1st lady to play in men's olympiad.

1950.08 THOMAS; Sir T. Thomas is only blind player to play in a chess olympiad.

1950.08.27 Bronstein wins Candidates playoff, 7.5-6.5, against Boleslavsky.

1950.08.27 UBILAVA; Elizbar Ubilava b. Tbilisi. GM 1988.

1950.09.02 Broadbent wins British Ch. at Buxton.

1950.09.10 Dubrovnik Olympiad; Yugoslavia 1st, US 4th. (1st post-war olympiad). 16 countries

1950.09.11 Harandi,Khossrow born in Iran. Iran IM 1975.

1950.09.11 Meduna, Eduard b. Czech GM 1987.

1950.09.19 LOMBARD; Andre Lombard b. Swiss ch 1975. IM 1976.

1950.09.30 Robinson, Robert elected President of the British Chess Fed.

1950.10.04 Giffard, Nicolas born in La Baule, France. IM 1980.

1950.10.04 WEINSTEIN; Norman Weinstein born.

1950.11 1st USCF rating list (2306 players, Fine is #1, Reshevsky #2) (CHESS 2/51,96)

1950.11.01 Bradford, Joseph born in Meridian, MS. FM.

1950.11.02 LJUBO; Lubomir Ljubojevic, Yugoslav IGM, born. GM 1971.

1950.11.19 Biyiasas, Peter born in Athens. 3-time Canadian ch. IM 1972; GM 1978.

1950.11.27 Birnboim, Nathan born in Tel Aviv. IM 1978.

1950.12 Verlinsky, Boris died in USSR. Born 1887. IM 1950. USSR ch 1929.

1950.12.12 Keres wins 18th USSR Ch.

1950.12.24 Dobrovolsky, Ladislav born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia. FM 1981; IM 1982.

1951 ARBITER; Internatioal arbiter (judge) title created by FIDE.

1951 BRAILLE; International Braille Chess Association founded by R. Bonham. Affiliated with FIDE in 1964.

1951 COLLEGE; Columbia wins 16-team intercollegiate championship.

1951 CORR; 1st USSR cr ch won by Konstantinopolsky.

1951 Najdorf wins Amsterdam international.

1951 Pachl, Franz born. German problemist and German ch of mini-golf in 1977.

1951 STAMP; 1st postage stamp portraying a master issued in Cuba.

1951 Wade played 30 Russian boys in Moscow. Drew 10, lost 20.

1951 White, Alain died.

1951 Keres wins 19th USSR Championship in Moscow.

1951.01.04 Ervin, Roy born.

1951.01.06 Unzicker wins Hastings 1950/51.

1951.01.16 Hundsdorfer, Wolfgang died in Freissing, Germany. Problemist.

1951.01.19 Hernandez, Jose born in Cuba. IM 1977.

1951.02.10 Peters, John born.

1951.02.14 Abramovic, Bosko born in Zrenjanin, Yugoslavia. IM 1980; GM 1984.

1951.02.21 Dory, Jeno born in Budapest. IM 1986.

1951.03.25 Botvinnik-Bronstein match, Moscow (1st under FIDE rules)

1951.03.29 VELIKOV; Petar Velikov b. Bulgarian IM 1975.

1951.04.05 Barreras, Alberto born in Cienfuegos, Cuba. IM 1981

1951.04.25 Savage, Allan born.

1951.05.03 Purdy won Australian ch for 4th time. Won in 1934,1937,1948.

1951.05.11 Botvinnik draws Bronstein to retain world ch., Moscow.

1951.05.11 Wall, William Dale born in Raymond, Washington. Chess author & organizer.

1951.05.23 KARPOV; Anatoly Karpov born in Zlatoust, USSR.

1951.05.25 Hulak, Krunoslav born in Osijek, Yugoslavia. Yugoslav ch 1976. GM 1976. IM 1974.

1951.05.28 Horvath, Gyula born in Bacsalmas, Hungary. IM 1986.

1951.05.29 Maroczy, Geza (b. 1870), Yugoslav IGM, died in Budapest. GM 1950.

1951.06.11 1st world jr. championship, Birmingham, England starts. Ivkov 1st.

1951.06.11 Boudy, Julio born in Cuba. IM 1975.

1951.06.14 Fedder, Steen born in Copenhagen. IM 1982.

1951.06.18 SAX; Gyula Sax, Hungarian IGM, born. IM 1972. GM 1976.

1951.06.27 Andersson, Ulf born in Vasteras, Sweden. IM 1970; GM 1972.

1951.07 US Ch, New York, Evans 1st.

1951.07.23 Commons, Kim born in Lancaster, CA. IM 1976.

1951.07.29 Coudari, Camille born in Aleppo, Syria. Canadian IM 1979.

1951.08 US Open, Fort Worth, Evans 1st. (98 players)

1951.08.02 Fernandez, Juan born in Argentina. IM 1975.

1951.08.25 Dann, Stephen born in Worcester, MA. Chess magazine editor.

1951.09.02 Salgado, Robert born.

1951.09.05 Watson, John born.

1951.09.06 RIBLI; Zoltan Ribli, Hungarian IGM, born. IM 1970. GM 1973. Hunarian ch 1973,74.

1951.10.14 Interzonal at Stockholm, Sweden.

1951.10.15 VAGANIAN; Rafael Vaganian born.

1951.10.23 Horvath, Tamas born in Zalaegerszeg, Hungary. IM 1982.

1951.10.31 Anton, Volker-Michael born in Magdeburg, Germany. IMC 1983.

1951.11.04 TORRE; Eugenio Torre, Filipino IGM, born.

1951.11.20 Hresc, Vladimir born in Zemun, Yugoslavia. IM 1985.

1951.12.02 Koltanowski won 43, drew 5, lost 2 in 10 seconds-per-move blindfold chess in 9 hours of play in SF.

1951.12.05 Ardiansyah, H. born in Bandjermasin, Indonesia. IM 1969; GM 1986.

1951.12.08 DeFotis, Gregory born in Chicago.

1951.12.11 Blake, Joseph died in Kingston-Upon-Thames. Br ch 1909. Br corr. ch 1922.

1951.12.14 Timman, Dutch IGM, born.

1951.12.16 Dawson, Thomas died in London. Pioneer of fairy chess. Born in 1889. Rubber chemistry expert.

1951.12.20 Arapovic, Vitomir born in Mostar, Yugoslavia. IM 1979.

1951.12.24 PIASETSKI; Leon Piasetski, Canadian IM, born. IM 1975.

1952 Evans defeats Steiner 10-4 in a US Championship match.

1952 Gligoric wins Hastings 1951/52.

1952 POUTIANEN; Pertti Poutianen b. Finnish ch 1974. IM 1976. Died 1978.

1952 Reshevsky defeats Najdorf for the unofficial ch of the west.

1952 STUDENT; 1st international tournament for students, Liverpool.

1952.01.04 SZYMCZAK; Zbigniew Szymczak born.

1952.01.05 OGAARD; Leif Ogaard b. Norwegian IM 1974.

1952.01.10 Romanishin, Oleg born. IM 1973.

1952.01.17 VOGT; Lothar Vogt, East German IGM, born. IM 1973. GM 1976.

1952.01.23 Mecking, Brazilian IGM (1972), born.

1952.01.28 Arbakov, Valentine born. Rated 2640 as an IM.

1952.02.02 Andres-Mendez, Miguel born in Havana. IM 1984.

1952.02.17 Montgomery, Parker born.

1952.02.13 Combe, Robert died in Aberdeen, Scotland. Br ch 1946.

1952.02.22 Tarjan, James born. GM 1976.

1952.02.26 Rinck, Henri (b. 1870), chess composer, died in Barcelona.

1952.03.04 Eslon, Jaan born in Falkoping, Sweden. IM 1977.

1952.03.11 Foltys, Jan died in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia. Czech ch 1943. IM 1950. Qualified for Interzonal but died of leukemia.

1952.03.21 Barle, Janez born in Rijeka, Yugoslavia. Yugoslav IM 1976.

1952.04.16 Afek, Yochanan born in Tel Aviv. FM 1986 Born Kopelovich. IJComp 1988; IMComp 1989.

1952.04 Koltanowski beats Bogart in blindfold play. (CHESS 5/52,159 - game).

1952.04.24 Heathcote, Godfrey died in Cheltenham, England. Composer.

1952.04.24 ORNSTEIN; Axel Ornstein b. Swedish ch 1975. IM 1975.

1952.05.01 Dorfman, Iosif born in Russia. IM 1977; GM 1978.

1952.05.16 Winslow, Elliot born.

1952.05.17 Leverett, Bruce born.

1952.06.10 Day, Angela born in Canada. WIM 1982.

1952.06.17 Bogoljubov, Efim German IGM, died in Triberg, Germany after a simul exhibition.

1952.06.27 Meyer, Eugene born.

1952.06.29 Sher, Miron b. URS GM 1992.

1952.06.30 Bellin, Robert born in Great Yarmouth, England. Br co-Ch 1974. IM 1977.

1952.07.07 JAMIESON; Robert Jamieson b. Australian IM 1975.

1952.07.11 SHARIF; Mehrshad Sharif b. Iranian IM 1975.

1952.07.16 Hardicsay, Peter born in Vac, Hungary. IM 1986.

1952.07.17 PLATOV; Vasily Platov (b. 1881), soviet chess composer, died.

1952.07.26 US Open, Tampa, Evans 1st.

1952.09 OLY; Helsinki olympiad, USSR 1st; US 5th.

1952.09.07 Napier, William (b. 1881), American master, died in Washington DC.

1952.09.10 Hug, Werner born in Feldmeilen, Switzerland. World jr ch 1971. Swiss ch 1975. IM 1971

1952.09.19 Chellstorp, Craig born in Chicago. US Jr Ch. 1972.

1952.10 Saltsjobaden (Stockholm) Interzonal, Kotov 1st. 21 players

1952.10.19 Haik, Aldo born in Tunis. IM 1977.

1952.10.20 SERGEANT; Philip Sergeant, chess author, died.

1952.11.20 Bikova wins Women's Candidates for the World Championship, Moscow.

1952.11.21 Shirazi, Kamran born.

1952.12 Ratings, USCF: Reshevsky 2751, Fine 2676, Evans 2660 (CHESS 12/52,47)

1952.12.18 Evans, Larry David born in New York City. IM 1980.

1953 1st Bognor Regis Chess Congress, England.

1953 1st Br jr ch; won by D. Griffiths.

1953 1st Clare Benedict International Team Tournament, won by the Dutch.

1953 1st chess book published by the Tatar language, by Neimetdinov.

1953 CORR; Titles of GM of corr. chess and IM for corr. chess instituted.

1953 DEAF; 1st team championship for the deaf (Norway).

1953 Karff wins US women's championship.

1953 Keres becomes 1st sportsman of the year in chess in USSR.

1953.01 1st FIDE bulletin published.

1953.01.09 Hastings 1952/53 over. 4-way tie.

1953.01.10 SCOTT; R. Scott d. Born 1889. Br ch 1920.

1953.02.09 Taylor, Timothy born.

1953.02.23 Bielczyk, Jacek born in Katowice, Poland. IM 1979.

1953.03.07 Erdelyi, Tamas born in Hungary. IM 1986.

1953.03.16 KNAAK; Rainer Knaak, East German IGM, born. IM 1973. GM 1975. E German ch 1974.

1953.03.20 Dobosz, Henryk born in Lublin, Poland. IM 1978.

1953.03.22 ROGOFF; Kenneth Rogoff, US IGM (1978), born. IM 1974.

1953.03.31 CORR; End of 1st world corr. ch. Won by Cecil Purdy with 10.5 score.

1953.04.08 Castro-Rojas, Oscar born in Columbia. IM 1975.

1953.05.01 Dorfman, Josef born. GM.

1953.06.14 Hazai, Laszlo born in Budapest. IM 1977.

1953.07 1st British Lightning Chess Ch (10 seconds a move); won by Paul List.

1953.07 1st British Lightning Chess Champion - Leonard Barden.

1953.07 2nd World jr. ch, Copenhagen, Panno, Darga 1st.

1953.07.28 CANDIDATES; 2nd Candidates tournament, Zurich, Smyslov 1st.

1953.08 US Open, Milwaukee, Donald Byrne 1st, wins $1,500 (182 players).

1953.08.19 Beil, Zdenek born in Frydek-Mistek, Czechoslovakia. IM 1985.

1953.09.04 STEAN; Michael Stean, British IGM (1977), born. IM 1975.

1953.09.11 Berry, Jonathan born in Chilliwack, British Columbia. IA 1975; IMC 1983; FM 1984; GMC 1985

1953.09.26 Gurgenidze, David born in Russia. IMComp 1980; GMComp 1990.

1953.10.05 Panchenko, Aleksander b. GM 1980.

1953.10.20 Biriescu, Ion born in Darova-Timis, Romania. IM 1979.

1953.10.24 Smyslov wins 2nd Candidates tourney, Zurich.

1953.11.09 PINTER; Joszef Pinter b. Budapest. GM 1982. IM 1976.

1953.11.17 Makarichev, Sergei b. Moscow. GM 1976. IM 1974.

1953.11.26 World Women's Championship finished in Moscow.

1953.11.30 Gruchaz, Robert born. IM 1980.

1953.12.02 Garcia-Palermo, Carlos born in La Plata, Argentina. IM 1981; GM 1985.

1953.12.03 BALLET; 1st ballet on ice, Sinbad the Sailor, with a chess theme, London.

1953.12.08 Grigorov, Iordan born in Sofia, Bulgaria. IM 1979

1953.12.09 Garcia-Gonzales, Guillermo born in Las Villas, Cuba. 3-time Cuban ch. GM 1976. IM 1974.

1953.12.16 Gonzales, Jorge born in Bogota, Columbia. IM 1977.

1953.12.16 Petrosian, Arshak b. GM 1984.

1953.12.17 Beliavsky, Alexander born in Lvov, Ukraine. IM 1973; GM 1975. World Jr ch 1973. USSR ch 1974

1954 Alice chess invented by Vernon Parton (1897-1974).

1954 Lombardy (16) wins NY state championship.

1954 OLY; 1st Student Olympiad, world youth team ch, Oslo, won by Czechoslovakia.

1954 USSR beats US, 20-12, in 8-board match in NY.

1954.02.23 Mieses (b. 1865), IGM, died (1st British player to get IGM).

1954.02.28 Kopec, Danny born.

1954.03 RATINGS; 1st British Grading List published (49 names). (BCF)

1954.03.09 Garcia, Gildardo born in Medellin, Columbia. IM 1979.

1954.03.16 Botvinnik-Smyslov match, Moscow, begins.

1954.03.25 Liebowitz, Errol born.

1954.05.03 Fernandez-Garcia, Jose born in Portugalete, Spain. IM 1980; GM 1986.

1954.05.10 Epstein, Esther born. WIM 1972.

1954.05.13 Botvinnik draws with Smyslov to retain world ch title.

1954.05.14 Cooper, John born in Cardiff, Wales. IM 1984.

1954.06.08 Levitina, Irina born.

1954.06.12 Orton, William born.

1954.06.18 Ambroz, Jan born in Lanskroun, Czechoslovakia. IM 1980.

1954.06.23 Arkhipov, Sergey born in Moscow. IM 1985; GM 1992.

1954.07 US ch, New York, Bisguier 1st.

1954.07.08 Levitina born. WGM 1976.

1954.07.18 Bjarnason, Saevar born in Iceland. IM 1985.

1954.08 Gresser wins US women's open.

1954.08 OLY; Amsterdam Olympiad, USSR 1st.

1954.08 US Open, New Orleans, Evans 1st on t-b over Pomar (110 players).

1954.08.23 Harper, Bruce born in Vancouver, British Columbia. FM 1983.

1954.08.28 Silman, Jeremy born.

1954.09.06 Agzamov, Georgy born in Almalik, Russia. IM 1982; GM 1984. Died 1986.

1954.11.03 Alekhina, Natalia born in Russia. WIM 1984.

1954.11.08 Mikhalchisin b. Lvov. GM 1978.

1954.11.10 Spraggett, Canadian IGM (1985), born. IM 1975.

1954.11.23 Bernard, Henry died in England. Problemist.

1954.11.25 Savereide, Diane born.

1954.12.06 Armas, Asela born in Cuba. WIM 1978.

1954.12.14 Moore, Bobby born.

1954.12.24 Delaune, Richard born.

1954.12.31 Znosko-Borovsky (b. 1884), Russian master & author, died.

1955 ACF; Formation of American Chess Foundation

1955 BLIND; Start of 1st Blind Corr, World Ch. Won by R. Bonham.

1955 Fordham wins national intercollegiate team title.

1955 Gresser and Nancy Roos become US women's co-champions.

1955 USSR beats US, 25-7, in Moscow match.

1955.01.06 Marjanovic b. Lalinac. Yugoslav ch 1985. GM 1978.

1955.01.23 Biyiases, Ruth (ne Haring, Orton) born in Bourne, MA.

1955.01.23 Haring, Ruth (Orton, Biyiasas) born in Bourne, MA. WIM 1977.

1955.01.31 Atkins, Henry died in Huddersfield, England. IM 1950. 9-time Br Ch (1905-1911, 1924, 1925).

1955.02.05 Barnes, Craig born in Norman, OK. US master.

1955.02.08 Szekely b. Hungarian IM 1976.

1955.02.20 Shapiro, Daniel born.

1955.03 RATING; USCF rating list: Reshevsky (2766), Evans (2629, R. Byrne (2621)

1955.03.20 Schiller, Eric born.

1955.04.23 Miles, US IGM (1976), born in England. 1st British GM.

1955.04.25 Nunn born. IM 1975. GM 1978. European Jr ch 1975.

1955.04.26 Armas, Iulius born in Bucharest. IM 1985.

1955.05.16 Murray (b. 1868), chess historian, died.

1955.05.18 Harley, Brian died in Bognor Regis, England. Composer.

1955.05.27 Alzate, Dario born in Columbia. IM 1984.

1955.06 World jr. ch, Antwerp, Spassky 1st.

1955.06.28 Blocker, Calvin born in Cleveland. FM 1981; IM 1982.

1955.07.07 Bonin, Jay born. IM 1985.

1955.07.10 Schneider b. Swedish IM 1976.

1955.07.11 Karlsson b. Stockholm. GM 1982.

1955.07.15 Frankle, Jon born.

1955.07.26 Djuric, Stefan born in Belgrade. IM 1978; GM 1982.

1955.08 US Open, Long Beach, Rossolimo 1st. (wins 1955 buick) (156 players)

1955.09.11 Arne, Mike born.

1955.10 INTERZONAL; Gothenburg interzonal, Bronstein 1st.

1955.10.25 Angelova (Chilingirova), Pavlina born in Bulgaria. WIM 1982.

1955.11.23 Lederer died.

1955.11.25 Steiner, Herman, 50, dies during the California state championship.

1955.11.27 Chekhov, Valery born in Russia. World jr ch 1975. IM 1975; GM 1984.

1955.12.11 Griffith died in Hendon, England. British ch 1912. Co-author of MCO.

1955.12.11 Lukov, Valentin b. Bulgarian GM 1988.

1955.12.13 Loginov, Valery b. GM 1991.

1955.12.18 Winter d. of TB. Br ch 1935, 1936. Born 1898.

1955.12.24 Kuligowski b. Warsaw. Polish ch 1978. GM 1980.

1956 1st Alekhine Memorial, Moscow; won by Botvinnik & Smyslov.

1956 Bernstein plays in Ostend at age 74. Also played bd 1 for France.

1956 China officially sponsors chess as a competitive sport.

1956 DEAF; 1st world championship for the deaf and dumb.

1956 Fischer wins US junior title, scoring 8.5-1.5 in Philadelphia.

1956 Price d. London. 5-time Br ladies ch. Challenger 1927, 1933.

1956 Sozin (b. 1896), Russian master, died.

1956.01.09 Grunberg, Hans-Ulrich born in Schwerin, Germany. IM 1981.

1956.02.05 Tartakower (b. 1887), IGM, died.

1956.02.10 Frias-Apablaza, Victor born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1982.

1956.02.28 Gruenfeld, Yehuda born in Zcerdziniov, Poland. IM 1978; GM 1980. Israeli ch 1982. Deaf mute.

1956.03.02 Gil-Reguera, Juan born in Barcelona. IM 1986.

1956.03.17 Van Der Sterren, Paul b. Netherlands GM 1989.

1956.03.25 Kochiev b. Leningrad. GM 1977. IM 1975.

1956.03.27 CANDIDATES; Start of Candidates tourney, Amsterdam.

1956.04.07 du Mont, Julius died in Hastings.

1956.04.30 Smyslov wins Candidates tourney, Leewarden, Netherlands.

1956.05.01 Ivanov, Alexander born. GM 1992.

1956.05.12 Franco, Zenon born in Asuncion, Paraguay. IM 1982; GM 1991.

1956.05.19 Inkiov b. Stanke Dimitrov. GM 1982.

1956.06.22 Anderson, Renard born.

1956.06.27 Christiansen, Larry born in Riverside, California. GM 1977. US Jr Ch 1973, 1974, 1975. US Ch 1980.

1956.07.16 Hromadka, karel died in Prague. Elo: 2440. Hromadka Defense

1956.08 OLY; Moscow Olympiad, USSR 1st. (US did not play)

1956.08 US Open, Oklahoma, Bisguier 1st.

1956.08.13 Farago, Sandor born in Budapest. FM 1985; IM 1986.

1956.08.15 Olafsson, Helgi, Icelandic IGM (1986), born.

1956.09.04 Paehtz, Thomas b. German GM 1991.

1956.09.11 Gurevich, Dmitry born in Moscow. IM 1981; GM 1983.

1956.09.24 Machulsky, Anatoly b. GM 1991.

1956.10.02 Speelman, british igm (1980), born.

1956.10.17 Fischer defeats D. Byrne in the "game of the century"

1956.10.24 Klaric, Zlatko b. Yug GM 1982.

1956.11.01 Asztalos, Lajos died in Budapest. IM 1950; IA 1951. Elo: 2480. Hungary ch 1913.

1956.11.25 Eingorn, Viacheslav born in Odessa. IM 1984; GM 1986.

1956.12.05 Henley, Ronald born in Houston. IM 1980; GM 1982.

1957 1st European team ch., Vienna. 1st USSR (4 countries).

1957 ASPCC; Creation of the All Services Postal Chess Club.

1957 CHINA; Chess officially recognized and encouraged in China.

1957 China has its 1st national ch.

1957 FILM; 8x8, a German surrealist film by Hans Richter made.

1957 FILM; 8x8, a German surrealist film by Hans Richter made.

1957 FILM; The Seventh Seal, Swedish film by Inmar Bergman.

1957 FILM; The Seventh Seal, Swedish film by Inmar Bergman.

1957 Fazekas wins the Br ch, but not selected for olympics. Protests.

1957 Fischer wins US jr ch in San Francisco, scoring 8.5 out of 9.

1957 Gresser and Sonja Graf become US women's co-champions.

1957 ICCF; USSR became official member of the ICCF.

1957 Lyman, Harry wins US amateur ch, 6-0, in Ashbury park, NJ.

1957 Maniac, 1st computer to play a form of chess (6x6 board)

1957 Martin, G. played 142 opponents, +130 =11 -1 in 4 hours 40 minutes in London.

1957 OLY; 1st women's olympiad Emmen, Netherlands. USSR 1st. 21 countries.

1957 Spann elected USCF president.

1957 U of Chicago wins US intercollegiate team ch.

1957.01.05 Duras, Oldrich died in Prague. Czech ch 3 times and German ch. GM 1950. Elo: 2580

1957.01.09 Akhsharumova-Gulko, Anna born in Moscow. WIM 1977. USSR women's ch 1976, 1984.

1957.01.14 Grun, Gerd-Peter born in Minden, Germany. FM 1984; IM 1986.

1957.01.15 Sanchez, Gabriel born.

1957.01.16 Hoi, Carsten born in Copenhagen. IM 1979.

1957.01.20 Vladimirov, Evgeny b. GM 1989.

1957.01.30 Barlov, Dragan born in Kragujevac, Yugoslavia. IM 1982; GM 1986. Yugoslav ch 1986.

1957.02.07 Helmers, Knut born in Oslo. IM 1979.

1957.02.11 Zaitshik, Gennady b. GM 1984.

1957.02.15 Malmgren d. Uppsula. World cr ch 1953.

1957.02.23 Mar, Craig born.

1957.03.05 Botvinnik-Smyslov world ch match, Moscow.

1957.03.11 Donaldson-Akhmilorskaya, Elena born in Leningrad. WIM 1977; WGM 1977. Challenger 1986.

1957.03.13 Mestel, British IGM (1982), born. Br ch in 1976 (age 19). World Cadet ch 1974.

1957.04.27 Smyslov defeats Botvinnik to become world champion

1957.05.02 Sunye-Neto b. Curtiba. 6-time Brazilian ch. GM 1986.

1957.05.30 Bass, Leonid born in Leningrad. IM 1982.

1957.06 World Jr ch, Toronto, Lombardy 1st (perfect score).

1957.06.24 Schussler, Harry b. Sweden GM 1988.

1957.06.30 Campora, Daniel born in San Nicolas, Argentina. IM 1982; GM 1986. Argentinian ch 1986, 1989.

1957.07.21 Malaniuk, Vladimir b. GM 1987.

1957.07.26 deFirmian, Nicholas born in Fresno. IM 1979; GM 1985. US co-champion 1987.

1957.07.29 Gavrikov, Viktor born in Russia. GM 1984. USSR co-ch 1985.

1957.07.31 Begovac, Franja born in Sombor, Yugoslavia. IM 1986.

1957.07.31 Borkowski, Franciszek born in Wroclaw, Poland. IM 1980.

1957.08 US Open, Cleveland, Fischer 1st. (184 players)

1957.08.30 Haberditz, Hans died in Vienna. Haberditz var.

1957.09.02 OLY; Start of 1st women's olympiad, Essen.

1957.09.16 Diesen, Mark born in Buffalo. World jr ch 1976. US Jr co-champ 1976.

1957.09.29 Gavrikov born. GM 1984. USSR ch 1985.

1957.10.06 Filipovic, Branko born in Banja Luka, Yugoslavia. IM 1984.

1957.10.18 RODRIGUEZ; Amador Rodriguez b. San German, Cuba. GM 1977. Cuban ch 1984. IM 1975.

1957.10.30 Ftacnik, Lubomir born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. IM 1977; GM 1980. Czech ch 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985.

1957.11.11 Hebert, Jean born in Quebec. IM 1978; GMC 1984.

1957.12 US Ch, New York, Fischer 1st.

1957.12.21 Cifuentes-Parada, Roberto born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1984; GM 1992.

1958 Anderson, Frank scored 84% at Munich ol. Became ill, missed GM title.

1958 BLIND; 1st world blind ch; won by Bonham.

1958 Buchholz, Bruno died in Magdeburg, Germany. Devised a tie-breaker.

1958 COMPUTER; 1st computer to play chess.

1958 Covo-Artega of Cuba wins US Open in Rochester, Minnesota (139).

1958 Interzonal in Portoroz, Yugoslavia; Fischer ties for 5th.

1958 OLY; 1st chess ol for the blind, Meschede, W. Germany. 7 teams played.

1958 OLY; Munich Olympiad; US 4th. (13th Olympiad)

1958 Piran Codex rules for chess problems drawn up at Piran, Yug at Congress of Problemists.

1958 Smagin, Sergei b. GM 1987.

1958 WEINSTEIN; Raymond Weinstein wins US Jr ch, in Homestead, Florida.

1958.01.11 Taulbut born.

1958.01.12 Doncevic, Dario born in Buenos Aires. IM 1986.

1958.01.19 Adam, Edmund died in Frankfurt, Germany. Adam variation, Ruy Lopez.

1958.02.14 Lputian, Smbat b. Yerevan. GM 1984.

1958.02.15 Hebden, Mark born in Leicester. IM 1982. Grand Prix (UK) ch 1981.

1958.02.22 Skembris, Spyros b. Greek GM 1991.

1958.02.25 Goodman, David born in England. World Cadet ch 1975. IM 1983.

1958.03.03 Forgacs, Gyula born in Budapest. IM 1984.

1958.03.03 Kouatly, Bachar b. French GM 1989.

1958.03.04 Smyslov-Botvinnik world ch match, Moscow.

1958.03.18 Winston, Peter born.

1958.03.23 Garcia-Padron, Jose born in Las Palmas, Spain. IM 1981.

1958.03.30 Andruet, Gilles born in Paris. IM 1982.

1958.04.02 Dizdarevic, Emir born in Zenica, Yugoslavia. IM 1982; GM 1988.

1958.04.11 Yermolinsky, Alexey born. GM

1958.05.08 Botvinnik defeats Smyslov to regain world ch.

1958.05.24 Georgiev, Krum born in Pazardzhik, Bulgaria. IM 1977; GM 1988.

1958.06.14 Schulien, Charles born.

1958.07.01 Cabrilo, Goran born in Gorazde, Yugoslavia. IM 1980.

1958.07.02 Bogner, Hal born in New York City. IA 1982. Founder of Chess Labs.

1958.07.09 Braga, Fernando born in Buenos Aires. IM 1983. Italian ch 1986.

1958.07.18 Gyorkos, Lajos born in Hungary. FM 1985; IM 1986.

1958.07.21 Donchev, Dimitar born in Sofia, Bulgaria. Bulgarian GM 1990.

1958.07.24 Kosten, Anthony b. English GM 1990.

1958.08.22 Zapata-Ramirez, Columbian IGM (1984) born.

1958.08.26 Tisdall born.

1958.08.30 de la Villa Garcia, Jesus born in Villahan, Spain. IM 1986.

1958.09 Fischer gains the GM title at age 15. (15 years, 6 months

1958.09.11 Carls, Carl died in Bremen, Germany. German ch 1934. IM 1951. Elo: 2450

1958.09.24 Donaldson, John born in Los Angeles. IM 1983.

1958.09.27 Bergstrom, Christer born in Solna, Sweden. IM 1986.

1958.09.27 Fedorowicz, John born in New York City. IM 1978; GM 1986.

1958.10.15 Boensch (Bonsch), Uwe born in Halle-an-der-Saale, Germany. IM 1977; GM 1986.

1958.11.02 Benhadi, Madani born in Algeria. IM 1982.

1958.11.02 Dvoirys, Semen born in Zhmerinka, Russia. GM 1990.

1958.11.29 Psakhis, Lev Soviet IGM (1982) born.

1958.12.04 Dizdar, Goran born in Zagreb. IM 1980; GM 1991.

1958.12.25 Crotto, Rachel born in New York City. WIM 1978; US Women's Ch 1979. Played in women's ch at 13.

1958.12.27 Tate, Emory born.

1959 Bisguier wins US Open in Omaha.

1959 Fischer repeats as US champion.

1959 Fischer shares 5th-6th in candidates tournament.

1959 Gligoric voted Yugoslav Sportsman of the Year for chess.

1959 HAM; 1st ham radio chess tournament.

1959 Hoessler, Anton of Ingolstadt, Bavaria died. Invented the Ingo system.

1959 IM; Title of international master for chess composition.

1959 Kaidanov, Grigory born. GM 1988.

1959 Lane wins US women's championship.

1959 RATINGS; 1st time the elo system of rating players used.

1959 Tal becomes world champion after defeating Botvinnik.

1959 Wiel, John C. van der born. IGM 1982.

1959.01.30 Andrijevic, Milan born in Pancevo, Yugoslavia. IM 1982.

1959.02.02 Rueb, Alexandre (b. 1882), 1st president of FIDE, died.

1959.02.05 Cramling, Dan born in Stockholm. Swedish ch 1981. IM 1982.

1959.02.07 Mokry, Karel b. Czech GM 1984.

1959.02.12 Flear, Glenn born in Leicester, England. IM 1983; GM 1987.

1959.02.14 Popovic b. Orlovat. GM 1981.

1959.02.20 Dolmatov, Sergey born in Kiselevsk, Russia. World jr ch 1978. IM 1978; GM 1982.

1959.02.22 Gurevich, Mikhail born in Kharkov, Russia. USSR ch 1985. IM 1985; GM 1986.

1959.03.06 Campos-Moreno, Javier born in Santiago, Chile. IM 1979.

1959.03.17 Grimberg born in Petach Tikva. World under-16 ch 1976.

1959.03.18 Andonov, Bogomil born in Kiustendil, Bulgaria. IM 1986.

1959.03.27 Ginsburg, Mark born in Louvain, Belgium. FM 1980; IM 1981.

1959.04.12 Kengis, Edvins born. Latvian GM 1991.

1959.04.19 Gomez-Baillo, Jorge born in Argentina. IM 1986.

1959.06.03 Baja, Victor born.

1959.06.08 Sturua, Zurab b. GM 1992.

1959.06.24 Wagner d. in Hamburg. Born 1888. German IM 1953.

1959.07.10 Dur, Arne born in Innsbruck, Austria. IM 1982.

1959.07.14 Bucker, Stefan born in Munster, Germany. FM 1983

1959.07.17 Nogeuras b. Santa Clara, Cuba. GM 1979.

1959.07.28 Sisniega, Marcel born. Mexican GM 1992.

1959.08.01 Gallego-Eraso, Francisco born in Irun, Spain. IM 1986.

1959.08.08 Yudasin, Leonid born. GM 1990.

1959.08.08 Costigan, Richard born.

1959.08.09 Van der Wiel, John b. Leiden. European jr ch 1978-9. GM 1982.

1959.08.10 Hawelko, Marek born in Lublin, Poland. IM 1984.

1959.08.26 Rohde, Michael US IGM (1988), born.

1959.09 RATINGS; USCF rating list: Reshevsky (2693), Fischer (2636), D. Byrne (2514)

1959.09.06 CANDIDATES; Start of Bled Candidates tourney.

1959.09.07 Kudrin, Sergey born.

1959.09.13 Regan born.

1959.09.19 Tverskaya, Julia born.

1959.10.10 Hund, Barbara born in Leverkusen, Germany. WIM 1979; WGM 1982.

1959.10.11 Kaidanov, Grigory born. GM

1959.10.19 Lau, Ralf born. German GM 1986.

1959.10.24 Yrjola, Jouni born. Finland GM 1990.

1959.10.25 Odendahl, Steven born.

1959.10.31 Tal wins Bled Candidates (Fischer 5-6).

1959.11.11 Armas, Jorge born in Holguin, Cuba. IM 1979.

1959.12.25 de Boer, Gerrit-Jan born in Landsmeer, Netherlands. IM 1986.

1959.12.25 Wharton, William born.

1959.12.28 Kindermann, Stefan born. German GM 1988.

1959.12.28 Federl, Alan born.

1960 1st Armed Forces Chess Championship - Thomas Emery Award

1960 Hong Kong Chess Association formed.

1960 Aseev, Konstantin born. 1985 Leningrad ch.

1960 Benko wins USCF speed ch; Bisguier 2nd, Fischer 3rd.

1960 Cramer elected USCF president.

1960 Cyprus Chess Assn founded. 1st Cyprus ch.

1960 Fischer wins US championship.

1960 Fischer, Spassky tie in Mar del Plata, Argentina International.

1960 Flesch played 52 games blindfold at Budapest (+31=18-3).

1960 KILL; Spectactor killed by player when criticized game. Sailor acquitted.

1960 MOTT-SMITH; Chess problem composer Geoffrey Mott-Smith dies.

1960 OLY; Leipzig olympiad; ussr 1st, US 2nd.

1960 RATING; Elo rating system adopted by uscf.

1960 US team wins world student championship.

1960.01.01 Vyzmanavin, Alexey born. GM 1989. (Vishmanavin)

1960.01.20 Garkov, Mitko born in Pleven, Bulgaria. IM 1986.

1960.02.02 Fries-Nielsen, Jens born in Esbjerg, Denmark. IM 1984.

1960.02.06 Chernin, Alexander born in Russia. IM 1980; GM 1985. European Jr Ch 1979-80.

1960.02.13 Yusupov, Artur born. IGM 1980.

1960.02.15 Petursson b. Reykjavik. GM 1986.

1960.03.01 Gunawan, Ronny born in Surabaya, Indonesia. IM 1984.

1960.03.06 Chernin, Alexander born. GM

1960.03.08 McCambridge, Vincent born.

1960.03.15 Botvinnik-Tal world ch, Moscow.

1960.03.16 Azmaiparashvili, Zurab born in Georgian. IM 1984; GM 1960.

1960.03.18 Plaskett b. Okeliha, Cyprus. GM 1985.

1960.03.24 Seirawan, Yasser born in Damascus, Syria.

1960.04.04 Chandler, Murray born in Wellington, New Zealand. IM 1977; GM 1983. New Zealand ch 1975-6.

1960.05.03 Berg, Klaus born in Nykobing, Denmark. IM 1983.

1960.05.07 Lobron, Eric West German IGM (1982), born.

1960.05.07 Tal defeats Botvinnik to become world champion.

1960.05.21 Lanka, Zigurds born. Latvian GM 1992.

1960.06.09 Groszpeter, Attila born. Hungarian IM 1979; GM 1986.

1960.06.20 Whitehead, Paul born.

1960.06.24 Rogers, Ian Australian IGM (1985), born.

1960.07.13 Rivas-Pastor, Manuel born. Spanish GM 1987.

1960.07.31 Davies, Nigel born in Southport, England. IM 1982.

1960.08.15 Gazik, Igor born in Zilina, Czechoslovakia. FM 1982; IM 1985.

1960.08.17 Ernst, Thomas born in Uppsala, Sweden. IM 1984; GM 1990.

1960.09.11 Nikolic, Predrag Yugoslav IGM (1983), born.

1960.10.10 Lakdawala, Cyrus born.

1960.10.26 Hartman, Christer born in Stockholm. FM 1986; IM 1986.

1960.11.13 Arnason, Jon born in Reykjavik. IM 1979; GM 1986. World Under-16 Ch 1977.

1960.12.13 Koltanowski plays 56 opponents blindfold (+50=6) in San Francisco. Took 9 3/4 hours.

1960.12.18 Gheorghiu wins Romanian ch at age 16.




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